Environmental work in the UN
The Norwegian Ministry of the Environment engages with many UN bodies in order to help solve global environmental challenges.
These include the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and UN Environmental Conventions. UNEP is responsible for monitoring and assessing the world environmental situation as well as environmental standard-setting and capacity building. The UN Conventions include legally binding agreements in important areas such as climate change, biological diversity, chemicals and hazardous waste.
UN Millennium Development Goals
At the turn of the millennium the world’s heads of state committed their nations to reduce extreme poverty by 2015 by setting out 8 goals, each with a series of targets. The Norwegian Government uses these goals to govern its own fight against global poverty. Environmental sustainability is directly ensured by goal no. 7. For the other goals, environmental action may be required, although it is not the main purpose.
Relevant UN Bodies
The UN Environmental Programme (UNEP), the UN Development Programme (UNDP), the UN Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD), the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the UN Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), International Maritime Organization (IMO) and The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).
International Environmental Conventions
International Environmental Conventions are legally binding treaties between states or international organisations that aim to protect the common natural environment and cultural heritage. The main international environmental conventions include: the three Rio conventions ( the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC), the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)), the chemicals and waste conventions (Stockholm, Rotterdam and Basel), the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the UNESCO World Heritage Convention.