Norwegian Defence Facts and Figures 2003

E. NORWAY’S DEFENCE

1. The Armed Forces

Peacetime strength:
Approx. 21,750 (including officers, conscripts and civilian personnel)

Strength after mobilisation:
Approx. 157,750

Resolution adopted following debate on Proposition No. 55 (2001 – 2002) to the Storting, the "Implementation Proposition", cf. Consideration of the Report No. 342 (2001 – 2002) to the Storting:

  • The decision was taken to set an overall defence budget framework amounting to NOK 118.039 billion for the period 2002 – 2005
  • Defence manpower is to be reduced by approx. 5,000.
  • Defence operating costs are to be reduced by approx. NOK 2 billion by the end of the restructuring period.
  • The Armed Forces must be modernised to meet the threats and challenges of a new era.


The following approved organisational measures for the new National Command Structure will contribute to increased efficiency and a strengthened strategic leadership:

  • HQ Defence Command Norway will be disbanded and the Chief of Defence, with his strategic functions, will be integrated with the Ministry of Defence and a Defence Staff of limited size will be established to support the Chief of Defence in his role as head of the Armed Forces military organisation.

The present organisation of the Armed Forces’ Political and Military Leadership
The role of the Ministry of Defence is based on the tasks of the Minister of Defence in the Norwegian political and administrative system. These tasks can be divided in four main groups:

  • constitutional
  • political
  • management
  • administrative


Future political challenges will always be the Ministry’s primary concern. In this context the Ministry acts as the secretariat for the Minister of Defence.

The Ministry formulates Norway’s security and defence policy and the main guidelines for the overall activity of the Armed Forces. The Ministry also exercises overall management, planning, and control of this activity. Effectiveness in performing these tasks is being strengthened by the introduction of a new management concept based on the development of a comprehensive and consistent management system based on the principles of management by objectives and results. The new financial regulations for public departments have further strengthened and clarified the Ministry’s responsibilities for management and financial control. The Ministry is also responsible for setting out the main principles for organisation, personnel, and financial management in subordinate departments and agencies, and for ensuring the effective use of resources through rational management.

The Minister of Defence is constitutionally and politically responsible for all activity carried out by subordinate departments and agencies. This means that the Ministry, as part of the Executive Authority, must supervise the activities of these departments and agencies, for example by exercising an overall control function.

In the new integrated Ministry of Defence (IFD), which takes effect from August 2003, work will be divided between the Ministry of Defence and the Defence Staff (FST). The strategic planning activities, including both the longer perspective and the more immediate production planning, will be carried out within the new integrated Ministry. The Chief of Defence (CHOD) exercises control of the Armed Forces Military Organisation (FMO) through the Defence Staff. This means that the Defence Staff carry out tasks assigned to them by the Ministry of Defence or through CHOD as head of that organisation. CHOD’s professional views will be open to the public. CHOD will thus be both head of the Military Organisation and the Ministry’s most senior service adviser, contributing in this capacity to the management of the Ministry’s strategic processes. In his role as head of the armed services, CHOD is responsible for the execution of tasks assigned to him by the Ministry.

The Inspectors General of the various service branches will form part of the Defence Staff where their role will be to support CHOD in the execution of these tasks.

The Norwegian Army

Peacetime strength:
Approx. 13,000 (including officers, conscripts and civilian personnel)

Strength after mobilisation:
Approx. 51,000 (excluding reserve margin)

Principal tasks:

  • provide land-based defence against invasion of one part of the country
  • guard the border with Russia
  • maintain a presence in the rest of the country to combat any minor incursion
  • make units of the Norwegian Army High Readiness Force available for international operations
  • participate in NATO and UN forces, contributing up to 900 men
  • support the civil community

Norwegian Army organisation, approved in accordance with the Long-Term Proposition for the Restructuring of the Armed Forces 2002 – 2005, St. Prp. 45 (2000 – 2001) and the Implementation Proposition St. Prp. 55

The following organisational changes have been approved as a part of the restructuring of the Armed Forces:

The Army’s mobile war organisation

  • A mobile division of two brigades (6 th> Division Command, Brig 5 and independent mechanised Brig N)
  • Independent mechanised Brigade 12, including NOA HRF, the Norwegian Army High Readiness Force
  • H M the King’s Guard (also operational in peacetime)
  • One Ranger detachment of at least battalion strength forming part of 6 th> Division Command
  • The Border Guard (also operational in peacetime)
  • The Army Ranger Command (also operational in peacetime)
  • Support units

The Army’s peacetime organisation

  • Training and Competence Centres (UKS), the prime purpose of which is to enhance the professional competence of the force-producing units and to act as a focal point for the continuing development and adaptation of tactics, organisation, materiel and training
  • For the combat arm: infantry, cavalry, artillery and engineer, at Rena and Terningmoen
  • For the logistic arm: MP, quartermaster, technical and medical, at Sesvollmoen
  • For communications at Jørstadmoen
  • The Military Academy at Linderud

2. Force-producing units, which train officers and other ranks for the war organisation, including personnel for international operations – Garnisonene i Indre Troms (Setermoen, Heggelia og Skjold)

  • The garrisons in Indre Troms (Setermoen, Heggelia og Skjold)
  • The Army High Readiness Force (NOA HRF) at Terningmoen and Rena
  • H M the King’s Guard at Huseby
  • South Varanger Garrison (GSV) at Høybuktmoen, Kirkenes
  • The Army Ranger Command (HJK) at Rena

A new mobile divisional command is being established. This will be capable of commanding three to four brigades – including an Allied reinforcement brigade – together with the necessary subordinate units for command support and field intelligence, tactical support and logistics as well as support units from the NATO Composite Force (NCF). The command element is designated 6 th> Division Command. In peacetime 6 th> Division Command will have a coordinating responsibility for force production by the Army’s training establishments in Troms and West Finnmark. With its subordinate units, 6 th> Division Command will be capable of mounting all types of offensive and defensive high-intensity in any terrain conditions and in an urban environment.

A Brigade is a sub-division of the Army, composed of units from different branches (infantry, cavalry, artillery, engineers etc.) in such a way that it has a balanced capability and is therefore able to carry out independent operations over substantial periods of time. A brigade is thus a system comparable, for example, to a naval frigate. A brigade is capable of exercising control over a land area corresponding to about 0.5% of all Norwegian territory.

The Brigade

FUNCTION

UNIT

TASKS

WEAPONS/MATERIEL

Command

Staff

Planning, command, control, training

Units

Communications companies

Communication within the brigade and

with higher staffs and staff services, administration

Reconnaissance squadrons

Reconnaissance, surveillance

Military Police Companies

Police services, traffic control, prisoners of war

Combat units

Infantry battalions

Attack and defeat the enemy, acquire terrain, stop the enemy, hold terrain

Small arms, heavy automatic weapons, mortars, anti-tank,

weapons, all-terrain vehicles

Armoured battalions (in some brigades)

Attack/defeat the enemy, acquire terrain, stop the enemy

Tanks, armoured assault vehicles, tank destroyers

Tactical support units

Anti-tank squadrons

Neutralise enemy combat vehicles

Tank hunters (gun and missile)

Field artillery battalions

Provide heavy fire support

Self-propelled and towed guns (medium/heavy)

Anti-aircraft batteries

Attack air targets

Anti-aircraft missiles

Engineer companies

Field work, mine services, anti-NBC operations

Heavy plant, bridging materiel, anti-NBC materiel

Administrative and logistics support group

Logistic support battalion

Transport and supply of ammunition, fuel, materiel and provisions, maintenance and supply of technical material

Lastevogner og feltvogner, special vehicles, containment equipment, repair equipment, repair workshop

Medical companies

Medical services for the sick and wounded

Field hospitals, medical equipment and ambulances

Crisis Management

The Army has a number units that are established in peacetime, ready to respond rapidly at any time. These forces include:

UNIT

TYPE

NUMBERS

LOCATION

South Varanger Garrison (GSV) *1

Combined border guard and educational unit

Approx. 500

South Varanger, Finnmark

H M the King’s Guard (HMKG) *2

Infantery unit of battalion size

Approx. 900

Huseby, Oslo

Telemark Battalion (TM bn) *3

Motorised infantery battalion reinforced by so-called National Support Element (NSE)

Approx. 900

Østerdal Garnison

1) Garrison in South Varanger (GSV) consists of garrison staff, garrison administration, one staff company, one border company, one garrison company and one communications unit.
2) The Physical Training Company is now administered by the Home Guard.
3) Telemerk Battalion (TM bn) is being reorganised to become a rapid reaction force consisting of up to 700 men. This force will be established by 1 july 2003 and will have a reaction time of 3-7 days.

Description of the Army’s support and service units:

Unit

Number of officers/other ranks

Brigade (Brig)

Approx. 4 000

Battalions

Approx. 400-700 (infantry)

Approx. 300 (artillery)

Approx. 400 (armour)

Companies

Approx. 130 (rifle companies)

Other companies vary from 100-300

Platoons

Approx. 30

The Army’s most important materiel:

Weapon

Type

Caliber

Main Battle Tanks

Leopard 2 A4NO

120 mm

Leopard 1 A5NO

105 mm

Armoured infantry fighting vehicle

CV 9030

30 mm

Armoured personnel carrier

M-113 (various versions)

12,7 med mer

SISU/PASI

12,7 mm

Artillery:

Self-propelled artillery

m109-A3GN

155 mm

Air defence:

Surface-to-air missiles

RB-70

Anti-tank (A/T) weapons:

Missile armoured Vehicle

NM142/TOW II

149 mm

Missile system

TOW I/II

127 mm/

149 mm

Missile system

ERYX

137 mm

Recoilless A/T weapon

Carl Gustav

84 mm

Light Anti-tank weapon

M-72

66 mm

Mortars:

On tracked vehicles

NM 204

81 mm

On tracked vehicles

BV-206 BK

81 med mer

Of the investment projects necessary to meet the requirements of the new Army structure, the following should be mentioned: procurement of additional CV 9030 Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicles, conversion of used APCs using the M-113 chassis and the procurement of new artillery weapons. Plans are also being made for the procurement of new A/T weapons and small arms.

The Royal Norwegian Navy

Peacetime strength:
4.950

Strength after mobilisation:
6.250

Principal tasks:
Almost 70% of all Norwegian exports relate to maritime activity. In global terms, 80% of all transport is by sea and Norway is the world’s third largest shipping nation in terms of tonnage owned. Norway has an obligation to administer sea areas which are seven times greater in area than the Norwegian mainland. Moreover, Norway is the world’s third largest exporter of oil and gas as well as being an important exporter of fish and fish products. In other words Norway is a significant maritime nation – and a major player in the world of shipping.

The new structure, which has been endorsed by the Storting, means that the Navy will be better able to safeguard our national security and to fulfil our international commitments effectively, due especially to its increased flexibility, operational availability, rapid response capability and endurance. This structure is also well matched to the spectrum of risks implicit in the new threat scenario, which means in turn that the Navy is now in a better position to make a positive contribution to the achievement of Norway’s security policy aims, namely:

  • To prevent war and to contribute to stability and peaceful development
  • To safeguard Norwegian rights and interests and to preserve Norway’s freedom of action in the face of political and military duress
  • To safeguard Norwegian sovereignty

The Navy’s principal tasks are:

  • Surveillance and intelligence
  • The exercise of Norwegian sovereignty and authority
  • Crisis and conflict management both nationally and internationally (Participation in international forces under NATO and EU auspices)
  • In war, to defend and keep open the sea lines of communication and to defend the country against invasion by sea
  • Maintain readiness to respond to rescue emergencies or environmental threats

The Navy’s war organisation consists of:

  • 3 OSLO Class frigates*
  • 6 ULA Class submarines
  • 14 HAUK Class MTBs
  • 1 SKJOLD Class MTB*
  • 4 OKSØY Class minehunters
  • 4 ALTA Class minesweepers
  • 1 VIDAR Class minelayer as a logistics vessel until 2008
  • Coast Guard vessels
  • HnoMS HORTEN as a support vessel until 2005
  • A small number of other support vessels including HnoMS TYR and HnoMS VALKYRIEN
  • 9 Coastal Artillery forts and 6 underwater installations to be mothballed (unmanned)
  • Naval Ranger Command
  • Clearance Diver Command
  • Coastal Ranger Command

* New procurement: 5 SKJOLD Class MTBs, 5 NANSEN Class frigates (2005-2010)

The Navy’s peacetime organisation:
Since December 2000 the Navy’s land-based organisation has been reduced from seven Naval Districts to none and from seven Naval Bases to two. The two remaining Naval Bases are Haakonsvern and Ramsund, together with Olavsvern, an MTB base under Haakonsvern. Administratively these bases have been transferred from the Navy to the Defence Logistics Organisation (FLO) where they form part of FLO/Sea.
In schematic form the Navy’s new peacetime organisation is as shown below:

The Naval Staff forms the staff of the Inspector General, Royal Norwegian Navy. The Naval Staff will also continue to form part of Headquarters Defence Command Norway until this is disbanded during the course of 2003.

Comseatrain is stationed at Haakonsvern and consists of four flotillas: surface vessels, submarines, mine warfare vessels and coastal combat craft. In addition, the Comseatrain includes a separate tactical group, the Norwegian Task Group (NoTG). When NoTG is formed for exercise or operational purposes, it becomes part of the national command structure under the national Joint Operational Headquarters at Jåtta. All the naval vessels, the Clearance Diver Command, The Naval Ranger Command and the Coastal Ranger Command are under the command of the Commander, Comseatrain at Haakonsvern in Bergen. The Coastal ranger Command is located with an exercise unit at Trondenes outside Harstad. The Commander, Coastal Fleet is also responsible for the administration of Vardøhus Fortress.

The staff of Commander, Comseatrain is located within Headquarters Defence Command. The Coast Guard is divided into two squadrons, Coast Guard Squadron North at Sortland and Coast Guard Squadron South at Haakonsvern Naval Base.

The Commander, Naval Schools is responsible for the Naval Training Establishment HnoMS HARALD HAARFAGRE (which also trains Air Force recruits) in Stavanger, the Officer Candidate Training School/Navy in Horten, the Naval Academy in Bergen and the Schools Centre HnoMS TORDENSKJOLD at Haakonsvern. The Commander, Naval Schools is also responsible for the administration of Bergenshus Fortress.

The Coast Guard

The principal tasks of the Coast Guard includes acting in support of Norwegian sovereignty, the exercise of authority particularly in connection with the administration of fishery and offshore resources, environmental monitoring, search and rescue preparedness and the provision of assistance both to other government departments and to the civil authorities. These tasks entail maintaining a suitable presence in waters under Norwegian jurisdiction – the Norwegian Economic Zone, the Fishery Protection Zone around Svalbard, the Fishery Zone off Jan Mayen and Norwegian coastal waters.

The introduction of a control and enforcement regime for the areas covered by the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC) requires Norwegian involvement in the administration and enforcement of the regime. The Coast Guard will, within the framework of this regime, provide the maritime presence needed to allow monitoring of the international sea areas in question, namely the North-East Atlantic, the "Loophole" in the Barents Sea and the "Loophole" area in the Norwegian Sea.

In addition to the Coast Guard vessels themselves, use is made of helicopters, Orion maritime patrol aircraft and additional leased observation aircraft in the surveillance of activity in all waters under Norwegian jurisdiction and in the areas covered by NEAFC.

The forces that the Coast Guard has at its disposal include 4 patrol vessels, three NORDKAPP Class vessels and the new CGV SVALBARD with a hull specially strengthened for operations in ice. All four carry a helicopter. In addition the Coast Guard leases vessels for inshore patrol tasks. The Coast Guard also has six LYNX helicopters together with a fixed number of flying hours by P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft and chartered observation aircraft. The Inner Coast Guard also has a number of smaller vessels, each covering a specific coastal zone. Finally, the Coast Guard leases a number of vessels for fishery support duties along the coast, especially in North Norway.

The Royal Norwegian Air Force

Peacetime Strength:
Approx. 3,200 of which approx. 2,100 are officers or civilians and approx. 1,100 are conscripts.

Strength after mobilisation:
Approx. 17,500.

Pricipal tasks:
To patrol, control and give warning in the air space above Norwegian territory and adjacent maritime areas.

Air operations against invasion forces. Participation in international operations under UN and NATO auspices.

Present organisation:
Under the national Joint Operational Headquarters, the Air Force is organised on the basis of Main Air Stations, Air Stations and Radar Stations. (See Royal Norwegian Air Force – Operational Chain of Command on next page).

Main Air Stations:

Bodø and Ørland

Air Stations:

Gardermoen, Andøya, Sola, Bardufoss and Rygge

Radar Stations:

Sørreisa and Mågerø

Training:

The Naval Training Establishment HnoMS HARALD HAARFAGRE at Madla, Stavanger

The Officer Candidate School at Kjeller

The Air Force Academy in Trondheim

The Air Force Training and Competence Centre (LUKS) at Rygge

The Air Force Flying School (Bardufoss)

The Storting is considering proposals for the procurement of new transport and combat aircraft, and the future utilisation of Rygge, Gardermoen and Kjeller is under review.

In order to carry out its task, the Air Force requires airfields and the necessary warning, command and control systems. In addition, the Air Force is at present equipped with the following aircraft and weapons:

TYPE

No.

TASKS

DATA

SQN.

STATION

Patrol aircraft

P-3N «Orion» (*)

2

Coast Guard duties

A range of surveillance equipment,

333

Andøya

P-3C «Orion»

4

Maritime patrol

depth charges and torpedoes

Combat aircraft

F-16 «Fighting Falcon»

57

Multirole capability

20mm cannon missiles of various

331

Bodø

+ HRF (FIST)

types (**)

332

Bodø

338

Ørland

Transport aircraft

C-130 «Hercules»

6

Transport of personnel

Can take 92 passengers or

335

Gardermoen

and/or equipment

74 stretchers and 2 passengers

DA-20 «Jet Falcon»

3

Transport/calibration/

Can take 5-9 passengers

Gardermoen

training in electronic

warfare

* 334 Sqn. Will be established as a frigate helicopter squadron at Sola by 2005.

Training aircraft

SAAB Safari

15

Aircrew training

Two-seater aircraft

Bardufoss

Helicopters

Bell 412 SP

18

Transport

Can take 9-13 passengers

339

Bardufoss

720

Gardermoen

Sea King Mk 43

12

SAR helicopters

Can carry up to 20 survivors

330

Bodø

Banak

Ørland

Sola (***)

Rygge

Lynx Mk 86

6

Coast Guard

Can carry up to 7 persons

337

Bardufoss

*)


**)

***)

The P-3N is used by the Coast Guard while the P-3C is a more advanced version used for maritime surveillance.

The RnoAF operates two versions of the F-16, A and B (two-seater)

The F-16 can be armed with the following weapon systems:

Air-to-air missiles – AIM 120 AMRAAM (not F-5)

Air-to-air missiles – Sidewinder

Air-to-ground rockets/missiles – CRV 7 and Penguin MK3 (not F-5)

Conventional and precision bombs

334 Sqn. Will be established as a frigate helicopter squadron at Sola by 2005.

Air Defence

TYPE

DESCRIPTION

No.

LOCATION

ARCS

"Acquisition Radar and Control System" – 3D control radars and command, control and communication systems (C3) for all Air Force air defence systems.

27

Bodø and Ørland

Anti-aircraft missiles NASAMS

"Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System". Each NASAMS battery has 3 firing units, each with 3 firing ramps. Each firing ramp has 6 AMRAAM missiles.

4 batteries

1 battery

Bodø and Ørland

Rygge (training)

RB70

Bofors RB70 short range self-defence missile system. Each battery has 8 firing units RB70 with one RB70 weapon system and one weapon terminal each.

10 batteries

Bodø and Ørland

The principal task of the Air Force air defence units is to defend the important airfields. These units are organised in a network of air defence systems with different capabilities. Units at the most important airfields are equipped with both NASAMS medium range surface-to-air missiles and short range self-defence surface-to-air missiles (RB70).

Home Guard

Permanent peacetime strength:
Approx. 600 including some 200 civilians.

Strength after mobilisation:
Approx. 83,000.

Principal tasks:
The principal tasks of the Home Guard in time of war or crisis are to:

  • secure infrastructure of decisive importance to the total defence of Norway
  • carry out surveillance of designated areas and safeguard high priority lines of communication
  • provide support for Armed Forces operations
  • contribute to averting or limiting natural disasters or other serious accidents.

The Home Guard organisation will remain essentially unchanged by the restructuring taking place over the period 2002-2005. It will consist of 83,000 soldiers and 18 Home Guard Sectors with responsibility for territorial defence.

The training centre at Torpo will be closed down. The training facilities at Dombås will be retained and training garrisons will be established at Værnes, Heimstadmoen and Porsanger.

Organisaton:
The Home Guard consists of the Land Home Guard, the Naval Home Guard and the Air Home Guard.

Peacetime organisation:
18 Home Guard Districts with responsibility for territorial defence. They form part of the national command structure (Level 3) and are responsible for the manning of units for the various sectors and areas.

War organisation:

  • 18 Home Guard Districts as in peacetime but increased in strength following mobilisation
  • Land Home Guard: divided into 86 sectors and 447 areas, total strength approx. 74,000
  • Naval Home Guard: divided into 10 sectors and 31 areas, total strength approx. 5,700
  • Air Home Guard: divided into 6 sectors and 26 areas, total strength approx. 5,000

The Land Home Guard (Land HG)
Approx. 74,000 officers/other ranks. It is divided into 88 Land HG sectors and 447 Staff/Land HG areas.

Its mission is mainly guard duty/securing key points such as mobilisation stores, power stations, telecoms installations etc. The Land Home Guard also has function in the area of surveillance/intelligence. Units are allocated tasks in their own local areas to make the best use of local knowledge.

Land HG units are equipped with machine guns and a range of anti-tank weapons.

The Naval Home Guard (Naval HG)
Approx. 5,760 officers and men. It is divided into 10 Naval HG sectors and 31 Naval HG areas together with 31 boarding teams and 17 security teams.

The main tasks of the Naval HG are:
- To carry out surveillance, identification, monitoring and reporting of any activity at sea along the coast
- To guard key points with access from seaward
- To provide support to the Armed Forces

The Naval HG can mobilise approx. 300 vessels, 120 high speed craft and 120 coastal reporting stations. Units are equipped with 12.7 mm heavy machine guns.

On mobilisation the Naval Home Guard is placed under the command of the national Joint Operational Headquarters.

The Air Home Guard (Air HG)
Approx. 5,010 officers/other ranks. It is divided into 3 Air HG sectors and 11 Air HG areas (the exact organisation is still under consideration). The main tasks of the Air HG are securing and guarding, NBC duties, military police duties and medical assistance.

The Air HG also undertakes tasks associated with non-mobile aspects of the defence of Main Air Stations and the larger command and control centres.

On mobilisation, Air HG units are placed under the command of their respective air stations..

Training
The intention is that all HG units should undergo a period of annual training. For financial reasons, however, the proportion undergoing such training is limited to approx. 60%. The actual training given ranges from practising mobilisation tasks to "traditional" exercising on weapon ranges.

2. Liaison Bodies in the Home Guard

When the Storting created the Home Guard in 1946, it decided that various boards and committees should be established for this institution. A special feature of these liaison bodies is the inclusion of representatives of important civilian organisations. Through cooperation in the National Home Guard Council, the Local District HG Advisory Boards, the Local Area HG Advisory Boards and the Munici-pal HG Committees, the Home Guard functions as an important link between the civilian population and the Armed Forces.

The National Home Guard Council
The National Home Guard Council is appointed by the Ministry of Defence for a term of four years. It has 33 members, of whom 18 are chosen by HG personnel in the districts. The civilian representatives are appointed by the following organisations: The National Rifle Association of Norway, the Norwegian Federation of Trade Unions, the Norwegian Farmers Union, the Norwegian Fishermen’s Association, the Norwegian Confederation of Sport, the Norwegian Women’s Defence League, the Norwegian Red Cross, the Norwegian Farmers’ and Smallholders’ Union, the Norwegian People’s Relief Association, the Norwegian Women’s Public Health Association, the Directorate for Civil Defence and Emergency Planning, the Sami Reindeer Herders’ Association in Norway, the Norwegian Child and Youth Council (2 members) and the Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry.

The National HG Council shall, through pronouncements and proposals, provide advice on all important matters relevant to the Home Guard, including the appointment of the Inspector General, Home Guard.

The District Advisory Boards
The District Advisory Boards consist essentially of representatives from the same civilian organisations, in addition to one representative from each Home Guard sector in the district. The District Advisory Boards normally meet once a year with an agenda that includes reviewing the annual report of the Home Guard District Commander.

The Local Area Advisory Boards
Each Home Guard Area has a Area Advisory Board consisting of from 3 to 10 members. The Area Advisory Board represents all Home Guard personnel in the area, and advises on all important matters relevant to the Home Guard in that area. The tasks of the Advisory Board, represented by the Executive Committee, include making sure that the area has adequately qualified officers and specialists. The Advisory Board also deals with disciplinary matters submitted by the Area Commander.

The Municipal Home Guard Committees
A Municipal Home Guard Committee is established in all municipalities. The Committee is part of the Home Guard organisation and is an advisory body to the Home Guard Area Commander. The Committee has three members, two of whom are appointed by the municipality and one by the local police authority. The Committee’s most important task is to assess all personnel who are to be transferred to, or who have applied to join, the Home Guard. The Area Commander takes part in the meetings of the Committee in accordance with the provisions of these committees.

3. Military Missions Abroad

As a consequence of the changed security situation in Europe, and thereby the changed pattern of contact and co-operation, the Ministry of Defence implemented some changes relating to the Military Attaché service in 2000.

Norway has Military Attachés in post in 11 overseas missions. These Attachés cover, including secondary accreditation, a total of 16 countries.

The main duty of the Military Attachés is to keep themselves informed about security policy and military affairs in the country/countries to which they are accredited.

The Attachés are accredited to (secondary accreditation in brackets): Washington (Canada), Berlin (Switzerland, Austria), Helsinki, The Hague (Belgium, Luxembourg), London (Ireland), Warsaw (the Czech Republic, Slovakia), Moscow (Belarus, Ukraine), Paris (Spain), Rome (Slovenia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania), Riga (Estonia, Lithuania), Stockholm. There is also an Assistant Military Attaché in London, Moscow and Berlin. In Washington the Ministry of Defence is represented by a Special Adviser on defence matters. In addition to the Special Adviser and the Attaché, there are two Assistant Military Attachés and one Logistic Attaché accredited to Washington.

The Attaché in Washington is also the national representative of the Chief of Defence in relation to the Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (SACLANT).

The Norwegian delegation to NATO (NORDEL) in Brussels handles Norway’s interests in the North Atlantic Council (NAC), the Defence Planning Committee (DPC) and the co-operative regime developing between the EU and NATO. The Norwegian delegation includes the following personnel from the Ministry of Defence: The Defence Adviser, the deputy Defence Adviser, the Security Policy Adviser, the Defence Resources Adviser and four Assistant Advisers. The latter represent Norway on the NATO Committees dealing with matters within the area of responsibility of the Minister of Defence.

Within the military organisation at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, the Chief of Defence has a staff, the Military Mission in Brussels (MMB). The MMB looks after Norwegian military interests in the Military Committee (MC) and advises the delegation on matters dealt with by NAC, DPC and their sub-committees. The MMB also handles EU Third Country military co-operation via the Norwegian delegation to the EU. Norway also has Military Advisers with the Norwegian delegations to the UN and the OSCE.

4. Civil Defence

Peacetime strength:
Permanent staff of about 350.

Strength after mobilisation:
Approx. 50,000 plus approx. 33,000 in industry.

Principal task:
To reduce losses and injuries as far as possible in a crisis or war situation.

Organisation:
Norwegian Civil Defence is administered by the Directorate for Civil Defence and Emergency Planning which itself comes under Ministry of Justice and the Police. Regional responsibility for the Civil Defence organisation rests with the County Governor. The Chief of Police is the District Chief of the Civil Defence.

Air-raid shelters:
As of 1 January 1999, there were air-raid shelters to accommodate approx. 2.7 million persons, about 2.4 million persons in private shelters and about 320,000 in public shelters.

Warning signals:
In order to alert the civilian population about important announcements or a possible air attack, more than 1,200 sirens have been installed to sound three different warning signals. These are:

1. "Important announcement – listen to the radio"


(In places where there is no siren a siren, this signal will be given by ringing the church bells)

2. "Air-raid warning"

3. "All clear"

Public information:
Further information and advice can be obtained on request at the nearest Civil Defence office or from the Directorate for Civil Defence and Emergency Planning.

5. Civil emergency planning

Emergency

Peacetime preparedness tasks

Preparations include planning sector

Authority directly responsible

Private agencies with responsibilities

Administrative planning

Ensuring that central and local authorities are able to carry out their tasks

Risk and vulnerability analyses, contingency planning, measures to improve crisis management capability

Relevant administrative body (Ministry, County, Municipality)

Supply planning

Planning the rational utilisation of resources to meet the needs of total defence and the population’s needs for goods and services

Supplies, production, distribution and rationing, manpower, transport, communications, allocation of buildings, maintenance and building services, finance

Relevant administrative body (Ministry, County, Municipality)

Norwegian Shipowners’ Association, oil companies, electricity supply authorities, banks, industrial enterprises

Civil Defence

Protection of the population

Wartime evacuation, communications, air-raid shelters, equipment and training of personnel, alarms and public information

The Directorate for Civil Defence and Emergency Planning

Building owners, industrial companies, Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry

Police

Maintenance of law and order

Equipment and training of a reserve police force 5450 strong

The Ministry of Justice and the Police

Health planning

Safeguarding the health of the population

Increased hospital capacity (premises, supplies and staff)

Norwegian Board of Health

Health institutions, water authorities

Information planning

Keeping the population informed

The Government Press and Information Service including central and regional press and information centres

The Office of the Prime Minister in co-operation with all County Governors

The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK), the Norwegian News Agency (NTB), newspapers