Article | Last updated: 2014-06-24 | Ministry of Climate and Environment
Establishment of the UN's REDD programme has made a major contribution to raising the prominence of climate and tropical forest management on the international agenda. In 2012 REDD+ became one of the priority areas in the Secretary-General of the UN's five year plan. The UN's REDD programme is a multi-donor fund with its secretariat located in Geneva, and consists of a global programme and national programmes.
The UN's REDD programme is a multi-donor fund with its secretariat located in Geneva, and consists of a global programme and national programmes. To date, Norway has disbursed over NOK 1.1 billion to the programme.
Since 2008, the programme has been a primary channel for Norway's international support to the international work on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD+).
The UN's REDD programme has a range of partner countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Support from the global programme is available to all the partner countries. The countries can receive advice, training and/or support within a very broad spectrum of the three UN organisations' areas of expertise, for example methods to monitor and measure the carbon content of forests (MRV), analysis, improved governance, participation and consultations with indigenous people, the local population and other stakeholders, review legislation with a view to reform and/or better enforcement, openness in the forest sector, anti-corruption and satisfactory systems to eventually be able to receive payment for reduced greenhouse gas emissions from the forest sector, better management of natural resources, green and sustainable economic development, and knowledge of biodiversity and ecosystem services (how the forest contributes to cleaning water, securing access to water, regulating the climate, preventing the spread of malaria etc).
Through the national programmes, the UN's REDD programme supports planning and implementation of national strategies to cut emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (national REDD+ strategies). Such strategies shall be used to identify and develop measures to reduce deforestation, establish systems for forest monitoring and measurement of emissions from deforestation (MRV systems), establish necessary units to coordinate the authorities' work, and ensure that necessary environmental and social considerations are taken (“social and environmental safeguards”). 18 pilot countries* receive support for national programmes (as of February 2014).
Norway places great emphasis on the various UN organisations, as well as the World Bank and other relevant international entities, coordinating their efforts and cooperating as well as possible, and that the work on greater equality and better governance shall be a key part of the UN's REDD programme. The programme, which is a collaboration between the three big UN institutions, the UN's Development Programme (UNDP), the UN's Environment Programme (UNEP) and the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), is a good example of how Norway, through targeted efforts, can contribute to the UN increasingly working as a “single UN” both internationally and at a national level.
* Bangladesh, Bolivia, Colombia, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, The Philippines, Indonesia, Cambodia, Nigeria, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Republic of the Congo, Sri Lanka, Solomon islands, Tanzania, Vietnam and Zambia.
Further information on where Norwegian support is directed may be found on the UN's REDD programme website.