The various child welfare institutions

Norway has several types of child welfare institution, most of which are intended for adolescents. Children under 12 are generally placed in foster homes.

  • Institutions for adolescents accept young people from 12 to 18. Some offer short stays, while others are designed and planned for longer stays. Some institutions have separate lodgings where the young people live during the final period of their stay. Child welfare institutions are also involved in follow-up care of the young people. Some child welfare institutions are for young people who, for various reasons, are unable to live at home with their parents or in foster homes (alternative care placements) while others are for young people with serious behavioural problems, including substance abuse problems (behavioural placements).
  • In institutions for young people with serious behavioural problems three target groups have been defined: 1) young people with a low risk of further developing behavioural problems, 2) young people with a high risk of further developing behavioural problems, and 3) young people with persistent substance abuse.
  • Young people with serious behavioural problems may be offered residential treatment at a MultifunC institution. MultifunC is a residential treatment model for young people with serious behavioural problems.
  • Acute care and assessment units provide help and measures for children and young people at short notice. Such placement is relevant in connection with various forms of crisis. These institutions provide short stays in order to identify the best long-term solution for the child or young person.