Article | Last updated: 24/01/2014 | Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation
The land use element is a map with written provisions for the use, protection and design of areas and physical surroundings in the whole municipality. Land use objectives and zones requiring special consideration are indicated on the map, and provisions state how the areas shall be used.
The land use element shall show where in the municipality physical development can take place and what areas shall be used for agriculture, nature or outdoor pursuits. The land use element shall help to ensure long-term sustainable development and management of the land and of natural and cultural resources in the municipality. The land use element must be flexible enough to accommodate new needs and possibilities, and it must not be too detailed or contain more restrictions than necessary.
The plan shall show how important considerations and circumstances shall be followed up in detailed planning, consideration of individual applications and through subsequent management of the areas.
The plan shall not be more detailed than necessary. Municipal sub-plans may be drawn up if there is a need for more details regarding land use in parts of the municipality, for example peri-urban areas. Area zoning plans may be an alternative to municipal sub-plans. The municipality must continuously assess the need for changes to the plan based on the current situation and on national or important regional guidelines.
Land use objectives and zones requiring special consideration
The planning map shall clearly distinguish between land use objectives and zones requiring special consideration. Zones requiring special consideration may be indicated by shading on top of the traditional land use objectives to specify what considerations must be made when using the area. This may relate to the risk of flooding and landslides, cultural heritage sites/monuments, natural diversity, agriculture, reindeer husbandry etc. Decisions relating to land use pursuant to other acts may also be indicated as zones requiring special consideration.
Zones requiring special consideration are transparent so that the land use objectives are also visible.
Colour codes for sub-objectives for buildings and installations in the land use element.
Cartographic rules for zones requiring special consideration.
Zone subject to restrictions and requiring special consideration pursuant to the Cultural Heritage Act.
Section from the land use element of a municipal master plan where the planning of the central urban areas should be followed up with a more detailed zoning plan.
Example of land use objectives in the land use element of the municipal master plan.
Example of legend for plan map in the municipal master plan's land use element.
Land use objectives
• Buildings and installations (Sub-objectives: areas for housing, holiday homes, city centre functions, shopping centres, shops, buildings for public or private services, recreational and tourism facilities, raw material extraction, commercial buildings, sports facilities, other types of installations, outdoor public areas, cemeteries and areas for cremated remains).
Zones requiring special consideration
• Safety, noise and danger zones