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Parenthood (paternity and maternity

The bond between child and parents is fundamental in a person’s life. The parents’ rights and obligations in relation to the child are linked to the legal parenthood. It is therefore important that parenthood is established as early as possible in the child's life. This will provide security and stability for the child. Biological, social and legal parenthood will often, but not always, be the same.

Article 7 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child stipulates that children have the right to know their parents. Children can grow up with a mother and father, two mothers or two fathers. Parents can be biological, legal or social parents, and the legislation covers various types of families.

Legal parenthood is of importance to a number of rights and obligations. Parents must provide children with care and consideration. They are obligated to provide for the child, either directly or by paying child maintenance.

A child has right of access to his/her parents, also when they do not live together. Both parents are responsible for ensuring that the right of access is satisfied.

Read more about maternity.

Read more about paternity.