National Transport Plan 2022–2033

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1 About Norway – population, topography and transport infrastructure

  • Population: 5,391,369 inhabitants as of 1 January 2021
  • Inhabitants per sq. km. land area: 17.3
  • Population growth rate (2019): 0.7 per cent

Norway has the lowest population density in Europe after Iceland. However, more than 80 per cent of the population live in urban areas, where the population density is 1,991 per sq. km (2020).

  • Area (mainland): 323,808 sq. km
  • Length of coastline (mainland, including fjords and bays): 28,953 km

A large part of the country is unsuitable for settlement or agriculture due to harsh climatic conditions, poor soil quality and difficult terrain.

Mainland topography (2020 )

  • Built-up area: 1,7 per cent
  • Agriculture: 3, per cent
  • Marsh/wetland: 5,3 per cent
  • Freshwater and glaciers: 7 per cent
  • Forest: 37,4 per cent
  • Mountain and mountain plateau: 45 per cent

Transport infrastructure

  • Public roads, total: 94,700 km
  • National roads: 10,500 km
  • County roads: 44,700 km
  • Local roads: 39,500 km
  • Total number of road tunnels: more than 1,200
  • Railway network, total: 4,208 km
  • Electrified: 2,459 km
  • Double track: 290 km
  • Airports with scheduled flights: 48
  • Ports and docks: 3,000

The figure shows a map of Norway where the eight transport corridors are illustrated

Figure 1.1 National transport corridors