Israel – Palestine: A negotiated two-state solution

Norway takes a balanced approach to the Middle East conflict. Our long-term engagement seeks to advance a negotiated two-state solution, with two states, Israel and Palestine, existing side by side in peace and security within secure and internationally recognised borders. It is Norway’s position that only a negotiated two-state solution can bring about lasting peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians.

The outstanding final status issues, including those relating to borders, security, the status of Jerusalem, and refugees must be resolved through negotiations between the parties. Norway’s view is that Israeli settlements are illegal under international law and are an obstacle to peace.

Since the Oslo Accords of 1993 and 1995, Norway has chaired the international donor group for Palestine, the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee (AHLC). The strategic aim of the AHLC is to develop the institutional and economic foundation for a future Palestinian state, by supporting institution building and efforts to strengthen the Palestinian economy. Improving the situation for the people of Gaza is another priority. As chair of the AHLC, Norway has a mandate from the Security Council (Security Council resolution 1860) to coordinate international support to Gaza.

Norway maintains a total level of aid to Palestine of about NOK 800 million. This includes support to civil society organisations and the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and support provided through other multilateral channels.

In addition to the provision of budget support to the Palestinian Authority, education, health and energy are priorities for Norway’s long-term aid efforts. Norway will also continue its funding for efforts to strengthen human rights and gender equality.