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The Norwegian Development Program to Combat Marine Litter and Microplastics

Updated October 2019

In 2018, the Norwegian government launched a new development program to combat marine litter and microplastics. The programme is intended to contribute to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) which states that by 2025, the world should prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds.

(The Program in pdf)

At the third UN third Environmental Assembly (UNEA 3) in 2017, the world’s environmental ministers agreed on a vision to eliminate the discharge of litter and microplastics to the oceans over time. The Norwegian Development Program will follow-up that vision though concrete initiatives. The UN’s Environmental Assembly also called for enhanced funding to combat marine litter at a global level. 

The Government of Norway will spend 1,6 billion NOK on the development program to combat marine litter and microplastics in the period 2019 to 2022.

Objective

The main objective of the Norwegian development program to combat marine litter and microplastics is to prevent and greatly reduce the extent of marine litter from large sources in developing countries.

To achieve this, funding is set to focus on four outcomes:

  1. Management of plastic waste in partner countries is
  2. Selected coastal areas and rivers are cleared of waste and the waste is sustainably managed.
  3. Private sector performance regarding sustainable production and use, and responsible waste management, is
  4. Global commitments and national and regional instruments to prevent marine litter are strengthened..

Which projects are supported, and who are implementing them?

In 2018, about NOK 250 mill. (29 mill. USD) were disbursed to 14 organisations. Among these organisations are multilateral organisations as the UN and the World Bank, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and research institutes. Most of these work with governments, the private sector, civil society organisations and/or local populations. A list of all the organisations receiving support, together with a short description of the projects, can be found further down.

Norway supports several different initiatives through these organisations. Contributing to the creation and development of land-based waste management systems is highly prioritised as sound waste management is the most important measure to reduce the supply of litter to the ocean.

Funding is also provided for research which will give knowledge that can contribute to finding solutions to the problem. Furthermore, it is important to support initiatives that contribute to increased awareness about marine litter. Actors with the required technical expertise contribute with training, knowledge exchange and technology transfer. Some initiatives focus on innovation, development of new technology and sustainable products. Other actors receive support to influence and advise on government policies, regulations and action plans. Norway also supports processes to achieve stronger international commitments and agreements to prevent marine litter. Beach clean- ups and other clean-up activities are supported in some cases, and particularly where they can help contribute to increased awareness raising.

Where are the projects implemented?

The focus is on populous and economically fast-growing countries in Asia with long coastlines. This is where the problem of marine litter is the greatest. In addition, preventative measures are directed towards countries with rapidly growing economies in Africa. Small developing island states also receive support for projects to strengthen waste management systems and for clean-ups along the shoreline.

More facts about marine litter

  • Marine litter originates from many different activities and consists of many different types of litter. Land-based waste constitutes the largest source of marine litter. Plastics makes out the largest share of land-based waste. The characteristics of plastic cause it to break down more slowly than cardboard, paper, wood, metal and other materials. It is these characteristics that make it an environmental problem when it goes
  • According to the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP), around 280 million tonnes are produced globally every year, and production increases by around five per cent per
  • It is estimated that 8 million tonnes of plastic end up in the ocean each year. This corresponds to 15 tonnes of plastics per
  • More than half of the plastic waste that ends up in the ocean is estimated to originate from a few countries in southeast
  • The United Nations Environmental Assembly is the supreme and governing body of UNEP and meets every other year. Here, the world’s environment ministers meet to agree on joint initiatives and declarations related to international environmental
  • The United Nations Environmental Assembly has adopted four resolutions on marine litter and microplastics. These resolutions emphasise that improved waste management and waste prevention are key to combating marine litter and must be given top
  • Through these resolutions, it is also agreed that the world must eliminate emissions of waste and microplastics to the sea (the zero vision). As of today, there is no global environmental agreement to deal with marine litter in a comprehensive
  • Norway is working for stronger global commitments to prevent and reduce marine litter
Marine litter originates from many different activities. Credit: Grid, Arendal
Marine litter originates from many different activities. Credit: Grid, Arendal

Table - Overview of Projects supported by the Norwegian Development Program to Combat Marine Litter and Microplastics

Updated July 2019

Project

Organization

Time 
Frame

Amount

Geographical Area

Objectives

Contact Details

Plastic Waste Free Islands

IUCN

3 years

61.000.000

St Lucia, Grenada and Antigua and Barbuda in the Caribbean, and Fiji, Vanuatu and Samoa in the Pacific. More island states can later be considered.

Reduce the amount of plastic litter produced and, at the same time improve waste management in general. Specific measures will be prepared for each of the three sectors, fisheries, tourism and waste management. Emphasis will be placed on recycling and alternative use of plastic waste and to develop businesses based on this.

Minna Epps: [email protected]

Joao Sousa: [email protected]

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ocean Plastic Turned into an Opportunity in Circular Economy (OPTOCE)

Sintef

3 years

45.885.720

China, India, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand

With the help of public-private partnerships, litter shall be collected from polluted land areas (hotspots), larger rivers and beaches. Experiments will be carried out where non- recyclable materials will be energy-recovered and replace other energy sources such as coal. Cement ovens, (“kilns”) which provide the most combustion, will be preferred. This kind of practice will increase the handling capacity for litter, and reduce the need for landfills and regular incineration, reducing the consumption of fossil fuels and the emission of greenhouse gases. Lessons learned from the project will be shared through a regional forum.

Kåre Helge Karstensen: [email protected]

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

   

 

 

Sound management, prevention and minimization of plastic waste

Secretariat of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm (BRS) Conventions

2 years

15 000 000

Bangladesh and Ghana

Prevent, and significantly reduce marine litter and microplastics from sources in partner countries. The project has three components: 1) plastic waste crossing national borders (global trade), 2) environmentally sound management of plastic waste and 3) management of sources of plastic waste

Kei Ohno: kei.ohno- [email protected]

 

Support administered by Norad

             

No Plastic in Nature

WWF Norge

3 years

96 440 108

Global. City projects in China, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand, and Hong Kong. Programme develeopment is also being planned in Africa

To achieve no plastics in nature by 2030. At a global policy level, WWF is pushing for the adoption of a legally binding agreement to eliminate marine plastic pollution. At a corporate level, WWF works with Consumer Goods companies at global and national levels to engage businesses to solve the plastic waste issue. At a cities level, WWF aims at eliminating plastic leakage in 25 cities and initiate a global movement for Plastic Pollution Free Cities.

Lorelou Desjardins: [email protected]

 

Andrew Fitzgibbon: [email protected]

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean Oceans through Clean Communities

Avfall Norge

3 years

39 750 000

Indonesia. Other possible countries are Vietnam, Cambodia, India + countries in Africa

Reduce emissions of plastics to the ocean through improved waste management through: Training programs focused on system understanding and waste management plans. Support with the preparation and implementation of locally adapted waste management plans. Start-up support for projects working to increase the use of collected waste to its highest possible value. Networking for participants from different geographical areas and other relevant actors.

Sigve Ånderå: [email protected]

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Nansen Program

FAO

2 years

12 000 000

Along the Atlantic coast of Africa, parts of East-Africa and four countries in the Bay of Bengal.

Promote knowledge on the occurrence of marine litter and microplastics in marine ecosystems in order to contribute to a better policy and practice in the area.

Merete Tandstad: [email protected]

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Global Environment Facility

GEF

4 years

40 000 000

Individual country projects and regional projects

Support projects that will avoid 50 tons of marine plastic from entering the ocean. The GEF intends this to be achieved by working mostly on circular economy and more upstream in the production chain. There will also be a link to chemicals which are related to marine litter

Leah Bunce Karrer: [email protected]

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marine Litter and Microplastics

UNEP

3 years

90 000 000

Asia, Africa and SIDS- countries

Be the custodian agency for two indicators of the first target of SDG 14 (Life Below Water), where the first of these is directly linked to marine litter, 14.1: By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land- based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution. This includes mapping of emerging issues, strengthening global and regional coordination and cooperation, and assistance to member countries in their development and implementation of national policies and programmes.

Heidi Savelli: [email protected] (for marine litter)

 

Kati Autere: [email protected] (for the UNEP-secretariat)

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grid-Arendal support 2019-2020

Grid-Arendal

2 years

20 000 000

Global and Africa

Development and implementation of global and national policies to reduce waste and marine litter and their impact on the environment, through UNEA and the Basel Convention and various expert working groups on waste and marine litter. Regional policy development and implementation for waste water and sanitation, marine litter, and circular economy. This has a particular focus on African countries.

Peter Harris: [email protected]

Miles Macmillan-Lawler miles.macmillan- [email protected]

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marinforsk/Norglobal

The Research Council of Norway

3-5

years

20 000 000

Asia

Strengthen research knowledge on marine litter and pollution in Asia, where the challenges are greatest. Communication of research findings with relevant actors should also be provided to achieve a knowledge-based policy design, legislation and implementation of measures that address marine pollution and littering.

Marit Heller: [email protected]

Inger-Ann Ulstein: [email protected]

Support is administered by Norway

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marine Pollution Enforcement Project Phase II

Interpol

3 years

11 100 000

Coastal developing countries, with a particular focus on central origin countries of marine litter, as well as countries where marine litter is an increasing challenge.

Improve sea quality by reducing marine litter and marine pollution. The project will be to strengthen global, regional and national law enforcement responses to prevent and reduce marine pollution crime from sea- and landbased sources. This will be achieved by strengthening investigations in developing countries, delivering capacity building and training activities, coordinating support to law enforcement operations and strengthening cooperation between countries by giving support to the Pollution Crime Enforcement Community.

Lionel Try: [email protected]

Davyth Stewart: [email protected]

Support administered by Norad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Problue

World Bank

7 years

110 000 000

Global impact area, but will focus on East Asia, South Asia, Africa and Small Island Developing States (SIDS).

Prevent and reduce marine litter and pollution, as well as contribute to the rehabilitation of coastal and marine ecosystems. (Pillar 2 of the fund.) This will be accomplished through knowledge development and sharing, country-level support and investments in activities that prevent marine litter and pollution

Delphine Arri: [email protected]

Support administered by MFA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Potential Human Health Impacts of Microplastic in the Environment

WHO

2 years

4 000 000

Global

Assess the current state of knowledge on the occurrence of microplastics in the environment, consequent human exposure and potential health impacts. Draw conclusions where feasible and identify data gaps and research needs. The most significant research questions associated with the topic of potential toxicity of ingested micro- and nanoplastics will be assessed, with a special focus on drinking water, but also other routes of exposure. Given the specific questions raised about microplastics and drinking- water, with respect to prevention and control, the evidence will be reviewed on removal of microplastics from drinking water and wastewater treatment and prevention of microplastic contamination in water sources.

Michael Hinsch: [email protected] (Focal point for the project) 

Jennifer de France: [email protected] (Technical cooperation for the drinking water component)

Support administered by MFA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Support to Environmental Festival in Antigua & Barbuda - “Playing Music to Play-Out Plastics” June 1st 2019

UNOPS

One-off

5 000 000

Antigua and Barbuda, in addition to support for regional cooperation on marine litter in the Caribbean.

Contribute towards SDG14.1 on reducing marine litter, and the long-term zero vision on discharge of plastic and microplastic from the UNEA-resolution on marine litter from 2017. Will be done by strengthening regional cooperation to address marine litter and increase participation from Caribbean countries in UN processes to combat marine litter.

Kirk Bayabos: [email protected]

Support administered by MFA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Establishment of a Programme on Marine Litter and Microplastics

CEAN

1 year

1 430 000

Mozambique

Map and identify the extent of marine plastic litter along the coast of Mozambique. Type of waste and its source, impact on ecosystems and the natural environment, as well as the extent of microplastics in the coastal zones shall be included in the survey. The current political and economic framework in Mozambique is to be assessed, with the aim of suggesting possible improvements and measures to reduce plastic litter. Prototypes of sewage networks and other suitable measures will be developed to reduce and prevent litter in the sea.

Carlos Manuel dos Santos Serra: [email protected] om (Focal point for the project) 

Diana Carvalho: [email protected]

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Maputo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Using community cookers to prevent and reduce marine litter

Community
Cooker
Foundation

1 year

1 306 000

Nairobi + along the coast of Kenya

Facilitate savings on expenses for diesel and coal, and creating new jobs. The cookers burn plastics in an environmentally friendly way, and the heat from the cookers is used for baking, cooking and heating water.

Wakina Mutembei: communitycooker
@planning
-kenya.com

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Nairobi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Indonesia Oceans, Marine Debris, and Coastal Resources

World Bank

3 years

21 500 000

Indonesia

Provide technical assistance, analytical support, pilot activities and financing to assist the Government of Indonesia in developing and implementing its National Oceans Agenda, including support to achieving the country’s targets for reduction of marine debris and ocean plastic.

Anita Kendrick: [email protected]

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Jakarta

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stop Marine Plastic

SystemIQ

3 years

30 000 000

Muncas, East-Java, Indonesia

Design, implement and scale up circular economy solutions to marine plastic pollution. Collection of all plastic waste from households and business, initiate behavior change activities for households to separate waste, improve the integrated solid waste processing station facilities, beach clean-ups. The project partners with Banyuwangi Regency (Directorate of Environment Unit) to build effective, circular waste management systems that eliminate leakage of plastic into the ocean, increase resource efficiency and provide socio- economic benefits for local communities.

Joi Danielson: [email protected] h 

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Jakarta

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bali Partnership on Marine Debris Action

SystemIQ

1 year

2 029 762

Bali, Indonesia

Build a scientific backbone and alignment across the many Balinese stakeholders, finding out where and why plastic is entering waterways and pinpoint sub-districts in highest need of intervention.

Joi Danielson: [email protected] h 

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Jakarta

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asean-Norwegian Capacity Building Project for Reducing Plastic Pollution

Niva (together with Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS))

4 years

26 500 000

Asean-countries. Case studies will initially take place in Indonesia and the Philippines, and might be extended to Thailand and Vietnam.

Build sufficient knowledge and capacity for the Asean to tackle plastic pollution from key industries and business sectors by developing and testing sound reduction measures, in close collaboration with main target groups as industry (incl. SMEs), government (local,national, regional – ASEAN and national governments) and civil society (environmental NGOs, youth associations etc.) Aseano will make the stakeholders better suited to set viable targets, consolidate efforts in the region, and monitor progress

Thorjørn Larssen: [email protected] 

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Jakarta

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Towards Zero Plastics to the Seas of Africa

SST

5 years

39 700 000

Mapping of physical catchment areas will be carried out in South Africa, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles and Tanzania. The scope also includes the 38 African coastal states of the African Marine Waste Network, and countries associated with the Nairobi and Abidjan conventions.

Protect and conserve ocean resources by reducing the flow of plastic pollution to the oceans of the coasts of Africa. First outcome: reduce the flow of plastic pollution to the Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, by 90% compared to 2019 baseline. Second outcome: share and replicate the methodology used at Nelson Mandela Bay in at least one catchment area in the countries mentioned to the left in this table. Third outcome: disseminate information on this methodology and lessons learned broadly throughout Africa.

Tony Ribbink: [email protected]

Stacy Webb: [email protected]

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Pretoria.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Building knowledge to Combat Marine Litter

Funbio, with technical expertise from Oceanographic Institute of University of São Paulo, State of São Paulo, and participation of Unesco Chair on Ocean Sustainability

1 year

1 241 800

The State of Säo Paolo, Brazil

Develop a long-term strategy for monitoring and assessing the marine litter in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, and to improve a multisector stakeholder engagement. There will be established effective communication between science and management to aggregate initiatives and create opportunities for collective learning and informed decision-making.

Daniela Leite: [email protected]

Alexander Turra: [email protected]

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Brasilia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scaling Up a Socialised Model of Domestic Waste and Plastic Management in Five Cities

UNDP Vietnam

3 years

8 800 000

Five cities in Vietnam: Ha Long Bay, Quy Nhon, Binh Thuan, Bin h Duong and Da Lat.

To contribute to environmental protection in five target cities, enhance the recognition of the informal sector and the linkages between the informal and formal sector in Vietnam, enhance capacity and actions by the government authorities, contribute to poverty reduction for targeted groups and create and promote innovation and information platforms.

Dao Xuan Lai: [email protected]

Support administered by the Norwegian embassy in Hanoi