Historical archive

Norway opens offshore areas for wind power

Historical archive

Published under: Solberg's Government

Publisher: Ministry of Petroleum and Energy

Today, by royal decree, the areas "Utsira Nord" and "Sørlige Nordsjø II" are opened for offshore renewables, including offshore wind power. This means it will be possible to submit license applications for offshore wind power projects.

Olje- og energidepartementet opner områda Utsira Nord og Sørlige Nordsjø II for søknadar om fornybar energiproduksjon til havs. Credit: NVE

Minister of Petroleum and Energy Tina Bru announced the news on a boat trip to Utsira and the offshore wind mill Hywind Demo outside the coast of Haugesund in Rogaland county on June 12th 2020.

— Offshore wind power offers great opportunites for Norwegian businesses. In the immediate future the market will be in other countries, but if the costs for offshore wind power continues to fall it could also become competitive in Norway. It is now time to prepare for the future development by allocating space for offshore renewables, says Tina Bru, Minister for Petroleum and Energy.

According to the Ocean Energy Act, areas must be opened by the government before license applications can be submitted. The knowledge used 


Kunnskapsgrunnlaget som blei brukt til opninga av områda er basert på NVEs strategiske konsekvensutgreiing frå 2012. Delar av konsekvensutreiinga vart vurdert på nytt i 2018. 

- The world will need more renewable energy in the future. The world-leading offshore industry in Norway can be at the forefront of developing the technology that makes it possible to reach Norwegian as well as global climate targets. By investing in offshore wind, we can both create new jobs for the future and reduce emissions, says minister for the climate and environment, Sveinung Rotevatn.

A proposal to open areas and a draft regulation was on public consultation in 2019. The research and knowledge obtained from The Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate's (NVE) strategic environmental assessment from 2012 formed the basis for the opening of the two areas. These included Utsira Nord and Sørlige Nordsjø II. In 2018 NVE revied the assessment for any significant changes of importance for the opening of the areas.

—The ministry received many good suggestions and viewpoints in the consultation, and I have put emphasis on finding the right balance between accomodating this exciting new industry, and at the same time ensure proper consideration of other interests in the upcoming licensing processes, Bru says.

Olje- og energiminister Tina Bru annonserte åpningen av områder for havvind ved HywindDemo utenfor Utsira i Rogaland. Credit: Margrete Løbben Hanssen/OED

In the proposal, the ministry suggested opening the area Sandskallen-Sørøya Nord, outside Hammerfest.

— I have taken note of the robust resistance to opening Sandskallen-Sørøya Nord, from among other the fisheries associations. Fisheries is an important industry which actively uses our sea space, and I have put large emphais on their views. This will also be important when it comes to concrete projects, says Bru.

These two areas will now be available for applications for offshore renewables:

  • Utsira Nord is located to the west of Haugesund, and is suited for floating wind power, which is the most interesting technology from a Norwegian perspective. The area is also large, 1010 square kilometres, close to shore and provides oppurtunities for demonstration projects and larger projects. Utsira Nord's size provides room for adapting to other interests in the licensing process. The ministry proposes to open this area to facilitate the development of such technology.
  • Sørlige Nordsjø II borders the Danish sector in the North Sea, and is relevant for direct export of electricity. The area is 2591 square kilometres, has depths which makes it possible to develop bottom-fixed wind power here, but floating solutions could also be relevant.

From 2021

The areas will open on 1 January 2021, and limits have been set on the amount of wind power that can be developed in the areas.

- Combined, the two areas allow for the development of 4 500 MW of wind power, which provides ample opportunity for development. At the same time, we are putting in place to ensure room for other activities and the environment, says the minister.

The King also adopted by royal decree a regulation which supplements the ocean energy act and clarifies the licensing process.

Royal Decree - Offshore Energy Regulation

Royal Decree - Opening of Areas