Article | Last updated: 13/11/2023 | Ministry of Labour and Social Inclusion
Immigrant workers bring essential expertise to the Norwegian labour market and help meet the demand for labour in several sectors. They work within various professions. Some migrant workers move to Norway to live here while others only stay for a short period of time.
Migrant workers from EEA
International cooperation is important for the Norwegian labour market. We take part in the common Nordic labour market together with the Nordic countries, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland. Nordic citizens can move freely between the Nordic countries to take up work.
Norway also takes part in the internal market of the EU through the EEA Agreement, which entails free movement of workers between the EEA States. EEA nationals may reside and work in Norway without having to apply for a residence permit.
The Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration cooperates with other national Employment Services and the European Commission through the European network of Employment Services (EURES). EURES is a European cooperation network of employment services, designed to facilitate mobility, recruitment of labour and job searches. For more Information about the labour market and how to find jobs in the EEA area, see the EURES portal.
Migrant workers from outside the EEA
Norwegian companies may also recruit workers from outside the EEA (third country nationals). It follows from the Norwegian Immigration Act, that a third country national who wants to work in Norway must apply for a residence permit. Residence permits will be granted to migrant workers based on their skills and employment in Norway. Most migrant workers from third countries are skilled workers or seasonal workers. Self-employed persons and service suppliers may also apply for residence permits. The Directorate of Immigration (UDI) handles applications for residence permits in Norway.