Agreement Norway - Jersey for individuals

Agreement between the Kingdom of Norway and Jersey for the avoidance of double taxation on individuals.

 The Government of the Kingdom of Norway and the Government of Jersey, desiring to supplement the Agreement for the exchange of information relating to tax matters concluded on 28 October 2008 by concluding an Agreement for the avoidance of double taxation on individuals with respect to taxes on income,

have agreed as follows:

 

Article 1

Individuals covered

  1. This Agreement shall apply to individuals who are residents of one or both of the Parties.

  2. The Agreement does not apply to activities carried on in an area beyond the territorial sea where a Party, according to its legislation and in accordance with international law, may exercise its rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources.

Article 2

Taxes covered

  1. The existing taxes to which the Agreement shall apply are:

    1. in the case of Jersey:

      the income tax

      (hereinafter referred to as «Jersey tax»).

    2. in the case of Norway:

      1. the tax on general income;

      2. the tax on personal income;

      3. the tax on remuneration to non-resident artistes, etc.

        (hereinafter referred to as «Norwegian tax»).

  2. The Agreement shall apply also to any identical or substantially similar taxes that are imposed after the date of signature of the Agreement in addition to, or in place of, the existing taxes. The competent authorities of the Parties shall notify each other of any significant changes that have been made in their taxation laws concerning individuals.

Article 3

General definitions

  1. For the purposes of this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires:

    1. the term «a Party» means Jersey or Norway as the context requires; the term «Parties» means Jersey and Norway;

    2. the term «Jersey» means the Bailiwick of Jersey, including its territorial sea;

    3. the term «Norway» means the Kingdom of Norway, and includes the land territory and internal waters; the term does not comprise Svalbard, Jan Mayen and the Norwegian dependencies («biland»);

    4. the term «competent authority» means:

      1. in the case of Jersey, the Treasury and Resources Minister or his authorised representative;

      2. in Norway the Minister of Finance or the Minister's authorised representative;

    5. the term «enterprise» applies to the carrying on of any business;

    6. the term «international traffic» means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise of a Party, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely between places in the other Party.

  2. As regards the application of the Agreement at any time by a Party, any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning that it has at that time under the law of that Party for the purposes of the taxes to which the Agreement applies, any meaning under the applicable tax laws of that Party prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other laws of that Party.

Article 4

Resident

  1. For the purposes of this Agreement, the term «resident of a Party» means in respect of an individual any individual who, under the laws of that Party, is liable to tax therein by reason of his domicile, residence or any other criterion of a similar nature. This term, however, does not include an individual who is liable to tax in that Party in respect only of income from sources in that Party.

  2. Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 an individual is a resident in both Parties, then his status shall be determined as follows:

    1. he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Party in which he has a permanent home available to him; if he has a permanent home available to him in both Parties, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Party with which his personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);

    2. if the Party in which he has his centre of vital interests cannot be determined, or if he has not a permanent home available to him in either Party, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Party in which he has an habitual abode;

    3. if he has a habitual abode in both Parties or in neither of them, the competent authorities of the Parties shall settle the question by mutual agreement.

Article 5

Income from employment

  1. Subject to the provisions of Articles 6, 7, 8 and 9 salaries, wages and other similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Party in respect of an employment shall be taxable only in that Party unless the employment is exercised in the other Party. If the employment is so exercised, such remuneration as is derived therefrom may be taxed in that other Party.

  2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, remuneration derived by a resident of a Party in respect of an employment exercised in the other Party shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned Party if:

    1. the recipient is present in the other Party for a period or periods not exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in any twelve month period commencing or ending in the fiscal year concerned; and

    2. the remuneration is paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of the other Party; and

    3. the remuneration is not borne by a fixed place of business through which the business is wholly or partly carried on which the employer has in the other Party

  3. Paragraph 2 of this Article shall not apply to remuneration derived by a resident of a Party in respect of an employment exercised in the other Party and paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of that other Party if:

    1. the recipient renders services in the course of that employment to a person other than the employer and that person, directly or indirectly, supervises, directs or controls the manner in which those services are performed; and

    2. those services constitute an integral part of the business activities carried on by that person.

  4. Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, remuneration derived in respect of an employment exercised aboard a ship or aircraft operated in international traffic by an enterprise of a Party, may be taxed in that Party. Where a resident of Norway derives remuneration in respect of an employment exercised aboard an aircraft operated in international traffic by the air transport consortium Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS), such remuneration shall be taxable only in Norway.

Article 6

Directors' fees

Directors' fees and other similar payments derived by a resident of a Party in his capacity as a member of the board of directors or any other similar organ of a company which is resident of the other Party may be taxed in that other Party.

Article 7

Artistes and sportsmen

  1. Income derived by a resident of a Party as an entertainer, such as a theatre, motion picture, radio or television artiste, or a musician, or as a sportsman, from his personal activities as such exercised in the other Party, may be taxed in that other Party.

  2. Where income in respect of personal activities exercised by an entertainer or a sportsman in his capacity as such accrues not to the entertainer or sportsman himself but to another individual or legal entity, that income may be taxed in the Party in which the activities of the entertainer or sportsman are exercised.

Article 8

Pensions

Pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Party in consideration of past employment may be taxed in that Party. Pensions and payments under the Social Security system, arising in a Party and paid to a resident of the other Party may also be taxed in the Party in which they arise, and according to the laws of that Party. However, in the case of periodic pension payments including social security payments, the tax so charged shall not exceed 15 per cent of the gross amount of the payment.

Article 9

Government service

    1. Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Party or a political subdivision or a statutory body or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that Party or subdivision or body or authority shall be taxable only in that Party.

    2. However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Party if the services are rendered in that Party and the individual is a resident of that Party who did not become a resident of that Party solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

  1. The provisions of Articles 5, 6 and 7 shall apply to salaries, wages, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Party or a political subdivision or a statutory body or a local authority thereof.

Article 10

Students

Payments which a student or business apprentice who is or was immediately before visiting a Party a resident of the other Party and who is present in the first-mentioned Party solely for the purpose of his education or training receives for the purpose of his maintenance, education or training shall not be taxed in that Party, provided that such payments arise from sources outside that Party.

Article 11

Elimination of double taxation

  1. In Jersey double taxation shall be avoided as follows:

    Subject to the provisions of the laws of Jersey regarding the allowances of credit against Jersey tax and tax payable in a territory outside Jersey (which will not affect the general principle hereof);

    1. subject to the provisions of sub-paragraph iii, where a resident of Jersey derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, may be taxed in Norway, Jersey shall allow as a credit from the Jersey tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the income tax paid in Norway;

    2. such deduction shall not, however, exceed that part of the income tax, as computed before the credit is given, which is attributable to the income which may be taxed in Norway;

    3. where a resident of Jersey derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement shall be taxable only in Norway, Jersey may include this income in the tax base, but shall allow as a credit from the Jersey tax that part of the income tax which is attributable to the income derived from Norway.

  2. In Norway double taxation shall be avoided as follows:

    Subject to the provisions of the laws of Norway regarding the allowance as a credit against Norwegian tax of tax payable in a territory outside Norway (which shall not affect the general principle hereof) -

    1. Where a resident of Norway derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, may be taxed in Jersey, Norway shall allow as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the income tax paid in Jersey on that income. Such deduction shall not, however, exceed that part of the income tax, as computed before the deduction is given, which is attributable to the income which may be taxed in Jersey.

    2. Where in accordance with any provision of the Agreement income derived by a resident of Norway is exempt from tax in Norway, Norway may nevertheless include such income in the tax base, but shall allow as a deduction from the Norwegian tax on income that part of the income tax, as the case may be, which is attributable to the income derived from Jersey.

Article 12

Mutual agreement procedure

  1. Where an individual considers that the actions of one or both of the Parties result or will result for him in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, he may, irrespective of the remedies provided by the domestic law of those Parties, present his case to the competent authority of the Party of which he is a resident. The case must be presented within three years from the first notification of the action resulting in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement.

  2. The competent authority shall endeavour, if the objection appears to it to be justified and if it is not itself able to arrive at a satisfactory solution, to resolve the case by mutual agreement with the competent authority of the other Party, with a view to the avoidance of taxation which is not in accordance with the Agreement. Any agreement reached shall be implemented notwithstanding any time limits in the domestic law of the Parties.

  3. The competent authorities of the Parties shall endeavour to resolve by mutual agreement any difficulties or doubts arising as to the interpretation or application of the Agreement.

  4. The competent authorities of the Parties may communicate with each other directly for the purpose of reaching an agreement in the sense of the preceding paragraphs.

Article 13

Entry into force

  1. This Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the latter of the dates on which each of the Parties has notified the other in writing that the procedures required by its law have been complied with.

  2. The Agreement shall have effect:

    1. in Jersey:

      on taxes chargeable for any tax year beginning on or after the first day of January of the year next following that in which this Agreement enters into force;

    2. in Norway:

      on taxes chargeable for any tax year beginning on or after the first day of January of the year next following that in which this Agreement enters into force.

  3. Notwithstanding paragraph 2 of this Article, the Agreement shall only be applicable when the Agreement signed on 28 October 2008 between Jersey and the Kingdom of Norway for the exchange of information relating to tax matters shall have effect.

Article 14

Termination

  1. This Agreement shall remain in force until terminated by a Party. Either Party may terminate the Agreement by giving written notice of termination at least six months before the end of any calendar year. In such case, the Agreement shall cease to have effect on taxes chargeable for any tax year beginning on or after the first day of January of the year next following the end of the six months period.

  2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1 of this Article, this Agreement will be terminated, without giving notice of termination, on the date of termination of the Agreement signed on 28 October 2008 between Jersey and the Kingdom of Norway for the exchange of information relating to tax matters.

In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this Agreement.

Done at Helsinki, this 28th day of October 2008, in duplicate in the English language.

For the Government For The
of the Kingdom of Government
Norway: of Jersey:
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