News story | Date: 28/10/2021 | Ministry of Agriculture and Food
Seeds from the gene banks in Serbia and Latvia were among the total of 14 011 seed samples that were brought into the Seed Vault this week.
Representatives from these two gene banks participated in the seed deposit and received certificates personally signed by the Norwegian Minister of Agriculture and Food, Sandra Borch as an acknowledgement of the two institutions as depositors to the Seed Vault.
This week a total of 50 boxes filled with seeds from 12 depositors were brought into Svalbard Global Seed Vault. A broad diversity of crops was represented in the seed boxes, cereals, corn, herbs and several species of African forages.
With this month's two new depositors, 89 institutions around the world have backed-up precious crop diversity in the Arctic permafrost. The deposits do not alter the ownership to the seeds and only the depositor can withdraw their seeds and open the boxes.
Wheat from Serbia
The Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops (IFVCNS) from Serbia deposited 96 seed samples, most of which were different wheat species. This first Serbian deposit was supported by the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
Traditional Crops from Latvia
The other new depositor is the Genetic Resource Center/LMVI ’Silava’, which is based in Latvian Riga. The center has been working for three years to regenerate the seed samples sent to Svalbard. 153 seed samples of 30 different species were safety duplicated, most of the crops have been of great importance to the country.
22 New Species in the Vault
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) is headquartered in Nairobi but operates in a collaboration between Kenya and Ethiopia with 14 offices in Asia and Africa. The institute focuses on livestock work in developing countries, the conservation of forages is an important part. During the deposit, several new species entered the Vault, including various grass and legumes.
The Largest Depositor
Another institution that participated in the deposit was the International Wheat and Maize Improvement Center, CIMMYT, which is headquartered in Mexico and is known as the world's largest gene bank for maize and wheat. In the October deposit, CIMMYT had the largest number of seed samples (4051) and it is also the largest depositor in total. 177,850 seed samples of twelve species of wheat and maize from CIMMYT are now secured in the Seed Vault.
This deposit coincides with the launch of a call for project proposals created by the Crop Trust in partnership with the Secretariat of the Plant Treaty, NordGen and the Norwegian Ministry of Food and Agriculture. The call will give gene banks in lower-income countries support to regenerate their crop collections and deposit them in the Seed Vault.
The October deposit means that there now are 1 125 416 seed samples stored in the Seed Vault. The next deposit is scheduled to be carried out in February 2022.
Institutions That deposited seeds in the October Seed Deposit
- Latvia: LMVI 'Silava', Genetic Resource Center.
- Serbia: Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, IFVCNS.
- United Kingdom: John Innes Center
- Kenya: World Agroforestry, ICRAF.
- Austria: Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, AGES,.
- Kenya/Ethiopia: The International Livestock Research Institute, ILRI.
- Mexico: International Wheat and Maize Improvement Center, CIMMYT
- Peru: International Potato Center, CIP.
- Botswana: SADC Plant Genetic Resource Center, SPGRC
- South Korea; Rural Development Administration, RDA, .
- Poland: National Center for Plant Genetic Resources, IHAR.
- Thailand: National Rice Seed Storage Laboratory for Genetic Resources, NRSSL.
- Read more about the deposition at Svalbard Global Seed Vault – A site about seeds!
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is established and owned by Norway and operated in a partnership between the Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food, NordGen - the Nordic countries’ gene bank, and the international organisation Crop Trust.