Convention Norway - Belgium

Convention between The kingdom of Norway and The kingdom of Belgium for the avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on income and for the prevention of fiscal evasion.

The kingdom of Norway, on the one hand, and The kingdom of Belgium, the flemish community, the French community, the German-speaking community, the Flemish region, the Walloon region, and the Brussels-capital region, on the other hand, desiring to conclude a convention for the avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on income and for the prevention of fiscal evasion,

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1

Persons Covered

This Convention shall apply to persons who are residents of one or both of the Contracting States.

Article 2

Taxes Covered

  1. This Convention shall apply to taxes on income imposed on behalf of a Contracting State or of its political subdivisions or local authorities, irrespective of the manner in which they are levied.

  2. There shall be regarded as taxes on income all taxes imposed on total income, or on elements of income, including taxes on gains from the alienation of movable or immovable property, taxes on the total amounts of wages or salaries paid by enterprises, as well as taxes on capital appreciation.

  3. The existing taxes to which the Convention shall apply are in particular:

    1. in the case of Norway:

      1. the national tax on income;

      2. the county municipal tax on income;

      3. the municipal tax on income;

      4. the national tax relating to income from the exploration for and the exploitation of submarine petroleum resources and activities and work relating thereto, including pipeline transport of petroleum produced; and

      5. the national tax on remuneration to non-resident artistes;

        (hereinafter referred to as «Norwegian tax»);

    2. in the case of Belgium :

      1. the individual income tax;

      2. the corporate income tax;

      3. the income tax on legal entities;

      4. the income tax on non-residents;

        including the prepayments and the surcharges on these taxes and prepayments, (hereinafter referred to as «Belgian tax»).

  4. The Convention shall apply also to any identical or substantially similar taxes that are imposed after the date of signature of the Convention in addition to, or in place of, the existing taxes. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall notify each other of any significant changes that have been made in their taxation laws.

Article 3

General Definitions

  1. For the purposes of this Convention, unless the context otherwise requires :

    1. the term «Norway» means the Kingdom of Norway, and includes the land territory, internal waters, the territorial sea and the area beyond the territorial sea where the Kingdom of Norway, according to Norwegian legislation and in accordance with international law, may exercise her rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources; the term does not comprise Svalbard, Jan Mayen and the Norwegian dependencies («biland»);

    2. the term «Belgium» means the Kingdom of Belgium; used in a geographical sense, it means the territory of the Kingdom of Belgium, including the territorial sea and any other area in the sea and in the air within which the Kingdom of Belgium, in accordance with international law, exercises sovereign rights or its jurisdiction;

    3. the terms «a Contracting State» and «the other Contracting State» mean Norway or Belgium as the context requires;

    4. the term «person» includes an individual, a company and any other body of persons;

    5. the term «company» means any body corporate or any entity that is treated as a body corporate for tax purposes ;

    6. the term «enterprise» applies to the carrying on of any business;

    7. the terms «enterprise of a Contracting State» and «enterprise of the other Contracting State» mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;

    8. the term «international traffic» means any transport by a ship or aircraft, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely between places in a Contracting State;

    9. the term «competent authority» means :

      1. in Norway, the Minister of Finance or the Minister’s authorised representative;

      2. in Belgium, as the case may be, the Minister of Finance of the federal Government and/or of the Government of a Region and/or of a Community, or his authorised representative;

    10. the term «national», in relation to a Contracting State, means :

      1. any individual possessing the nationality or citizenship of that Contracting State; and

      2. any legal person, partnership or association deriving its status as such from the laws in force in that Contracting State;

    11. the term «business» includes the performance of professional services and of other activities of an independent character.

    12. the term «pension fund» means any person established in a Contracting State that administers pension schemes or provides retirement benefits provided it is either:

      1. in the case of Belgium, a pension fund supervised by the Financial Services and Markets Authority (FSMA) or by the National Bank of Belgium; or

      2. in the case of Norway, a pension scheme («pensjonskasse») supervised by the Financial Supervisory Authority of Norway.

  2. As regards the application of the Convention at any time by a Contracting State, any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning that it has at that time under the law of that State for the purposes of the taxes to which the Convention applies, any meaning under the applicable tax laws of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other laws of that State.  

Article 4

Resident

  • 1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term «resident of a Contracting State» means any person who, under the laws of that State, is liable to tax therein by reason of his domicile, residence, place of management or any other criterion of a similar nature, and also includes that State and any political subdivision or local authority thereof. This term, however, does not include any person who is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State.

  • 2. Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then his status shall be determined as follows:

    • a) he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which he has a permanent home available to him; if he has a permanent home available to him in both States, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State with which his personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);

    • b) if the State in which he has his centre of vital interests cannot be determined, or if he has not a permanent home available to him in either State, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which he has an habitual abode;

    • c) if he has an habitual abode in both States or in neither of them, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State of which he is a national;

    • d) if he is a national of both States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall settle the question by mutual agreement.

  • 3. Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then it shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which its place of effective management is situated.

Article 5

Permanent Establishment

  • 1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term «permanent establishment» means a fixed place of business through which the business of an enterprise is wholly or partly carried on.

  • 2. The term «permanent establishment» includes especially :

    • a) a place of management;

    • b) a branch;

    • c) an office;

    • d) a factory;

    • e) a workshop, and

    • f) a mine, an oil or gas well, a quarry or any other place of extraction of natural resources.

  • 3. A building site or construction or installation project constitutes a permanent establishment only if it lasts more than twelve months.

  • 4. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, where an enterprise of a Contracting State performs services in the other Contracting State

    • a) through an individual who is present in that other State for a period or periods exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in any twelve month period, and more than 50 per cent of the gross revenues attributable to active business activities of the enterprise during this period or periods are derived from the services performed in that other State through that individual, or

    • b) for a period or periods exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in any twelve month period, and these services are performed for the same project or connected projects through one or more individuals who are present and performing such services in that other State

    the activities carried on in that other State in performing these services shall be deemed to be carried on through a permanent establishment of the enterprise situated in that other State, unless these services are limited to those mentioned in paragraph 5 which, if performed through a fixed place of business, would not make this fixed place of business a permanent establishment under the provisions of that paragraph. For the purposes of this paragraph, services performed by an individual on behalf of one enterprise shall not be considered to be performed by another enterprise through that individual unless that other enterprise supervises, directs or controls the manner in which these services are performed by the individual.

  • 5. Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, the term «permanent establishment» shall be deemed not to include:

    • a) the use of facilities solely for the purpose of storage, display or delivery of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise;

    • b) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of storage, display or delivery;

    • c) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of processing by another enterprise;

    • d) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of purchasing goods or merchandise or of collecting information, for the enterprise;

    • e) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of carrying on, for the enterprise, any other activity of a preparatory or auxiliary character;

    • f) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for any combination of activities mentioned in subparagraphs a) to e), provided that the overall activity of the fixed place of business resulting from this combination is of a preparatory or auxiliary character.

  • 6. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, where a person – other than an agent of an independent status to whom paragraph 7 applies – is acting on behalf of an enterprise and has, and habitually exercises, in a Contracting State an authority to conclude contracts in the name of the enterprise, that enterprise shall be deemed to have a permanent establishment in that State in respect of any activities which that person undertakes for the enterprise, unless the activities of such person are limited to those mentioned in paragraph 5 which, if exercised through a fixed place of business, would not make this fixed place of business a permanent establishment under the provisions of that paragraph.

  • 7. An enterprise shall not be deemed to have a permanent establishment in a Contracting State merely because it carries on business in that State through a broker, general commission agent or any other agent of an independent status, provided that such persons are acting in the ordinary course of their business.

  • 8. The fact that a company which is a resident of a Contracting State controls or is controlled by a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State, or which carries on business in that other State (whether through a permanent establishment or otherwise), shall not of itself constitute either company a permanent establishment of the other.

Article 6

Income from Immovable Property

  • 1. Income derived by a resident of a Contracting State from immovable property (including income from agriculture or forestry) situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2. The term «immovable property» shall have the meaning which it has under the law of the Contracting State in which the property in question is situated. The term shall in any case include property accessory to immovable property (including livestock and equipment used in agriculture and forestry), rights to which the provisions of general law respecting landed property apply, usufruct of immovable property and rights to variable or fixed payments as consideration for the working of, or the right to work, mineral deposits, sources and other natural resources; ships and aircraft shall not be regarded as immovable property.

  • 3. The provisions of paragraph 1 shall apply to income derived from the direct use, letting, or use in any other form of immovable property.

  • 4. The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 3 shall also apply to the income from immovable property of an enterprise.

Article 7

Business Profits

  • 1. Profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State unless the enterprise carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein. If the enterprise carries on business as aforesaid, the profits that are attributable to the permanent establishment in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2 may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2. For the purposes of this Article and Article 22, the profits that are attributable in each Contracting State to the permanent establishment referred to in paragraph 1 are the profits it might be expected to make, in particular in its dealings with other parts of the enterprise, if it were a separate and independent enterprise engaged in the same or similar activities under the same or similar conditions, taking into account the functions performed, assets used and risks assumed by the enterprise through the permanent establishment and through the other parts of the enterprise.

  • 3. Where, in accordance with paragraph 2, a Contracting State adjusts the profits that are attributable to a permanent establishment of an enterprise of one of the Contracting States and taxes accordingly profits of the enterprise that have been charged to tax in the other State, the other State shall, to the extent necessary to eliminate double taxation on these profits, make an appropriate adjustment to the amount of the tax charged on those profits. In determining such adjustment, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall if necessary consult each other.

  • 4. Where profits include items of income which are dealt with separately in other Articles of this Convention, then the provisions of those Articles shall not be affected by the provisions of this Article.

Article 8

Shipping, Air Transport and Containers

  • 1. Profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State from the operation of ships or aircraft in international traffic shall be taxable only in that State.

  • 2. For the purpose of this Article, profits from the operation of ships or aircraft in international traffic shall include in particular:

    • a) profits from the leasing of ships or aircraft engaged in international traffic on charter fully equipped, manned and supplied;

    • b) profits from the leasing of ships or aircraft on a bare boat charter basis if such leasing activity is an ancillary activity for the enterprise engaged in international traffic;

    • c) profits from the leasing of containers if such leasing activity is an ancillary activity for the enterprise engaged in international traffic.

  • 3. The provisions of paragraph 1 shall also apply to profits from the participation in a pool, a joint business or an international operating agency.

  • 4. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall apply to profits derived by the joint Norwegian, Danish and Swedish air transport consortium Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS), but only insofar as profits derived by SAS Scandinavian Airlines Norge AS, the Norwegian partner of the Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS), are in proportion to its share in that organisation.

Article 9

Associated Enterprises

  • 1. Where

    • a) an enterprise of a Contracting State participates directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of the other Contracting State, or

    • b) the same persons participate directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of a Contracting State and an enterprise of the other Contracting State,

    and in either case conditions are made or imposed between the two enterprises in their commercial or financial relations which differ from those which would be made between independent enterprises, then any profits which would, but for those conditions, have accrued to one of the enterprises, but, by reason of those conditions, have not so accrued, may be included in the profits of that enterprise and taxed accordingly.

  • 2. Where a Contracting State includes in the profits of an enterprise of that State – and taxes accordingly – profits on which an enterprise of the other Contracting State has been charged to tax in that other State and the profits so included are profits which would have accrued to the enterprise of the first-mentioned State if the conditions made between the two enterprises had been those which would have been made between independent enterprises, then that other State shall make an appropriate adjustment to the amount of the tax charged therein on those profits, if that State considers the adjustment justified. In determining such adjustment, due regard shall be had to the other provisions of this Convention and the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall if necessary consult each other.

  • 3. The provisions of paragraph 2 shall not apply in cases where one or more transactions leading to an adjustment of profits in accordance with paragraph 1 are regarded as fraudulent according to an administrative or judicial decision.

Article 10

Dividends

  • 1. Dividends paid by a company which is a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2. However, such dividends may also be taxed in the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed:

    • a) 5 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends if the beneficial owner is a pension fund, provided that the shares or other rights in respect of which such dividends are paid are held for the purpose of an activity mentioned under paragraph 1, l) of Article 3;

    • b) 15 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends in all other cases.

  • 3. Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, dividends shall not be taxed in the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident if the beneficial owner of the dividends is:

    • a) a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State and which holds, for an uninterrupted period of at least twelve months, shares representing directly at least 10 per cent of the capital of the company paying the dividends;

    • b) in the case of Norway:

      • (i) Norway or a political subdivision or local authority thereof;

      • (ii) the Central Bank of Norway;

      • (iii) the Government Pension Fund Global;

      • (iv) a statutory body or any institution wholly or mainly owned by the Government of Norway, a political subdivision or local authority thereof, as may be agreed from time to time between the competent authorities of the Contracting States;

    • c) in the case of Belgium:

      • (i) Belgium or a political subdivision or local authority thereof;

      • (ii) the National Bank of Belgium;

      • (iii) the Federal Holding and Investment Company;

      • (iv) a statutory body or any institution wholly or mainly owned by Belgium, a political subdivision or local authority thereof, as may be agreed from time to time between the competent authorities of the Contracting States.

  • 4. Paragraphs 2 and 3 shall not affect the taxation of the company in respect of the profits out of which the dividends are paid.

  • 5. The term «dividends» as used in this Article means income from shares, «jouissance» shares or «jouissance» rights, mining shares, founders' shares or other rights, not being debt-claims, participating in profits, as well as income paid in the form of interest which is subjected to the same taxation treatment as income from shares by the tax legislation of the State of which the paying company is a resident.

  • 6. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, a) shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the dividends, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident through a permanent establishment situated therein and the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment. In such case the provisions of Article 7 shall apply.

  • 7. Where a company which is a resident of a Contracting State derives profits or income from the other Contracting State, that other State may not impose any tax on the dividends paid by the company, except insofar as such dividends are paid to a resident of that other State or insofar as the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with a permanent establishment situated in that other State, nor subject the company's undistributed profits to a tax on the company's undistributed profits, even if the dividends paid or the undistributed profits consist wholly or partly of profits or income arising in such other State.

  • 8. No relief shall be available under this Article if it was the main purpose or one of the main purposes of any person concerned with the creation or assignment of the shares or other rights in respect of which the dividend is paid to take advantage of this Article by means of that creation or assignment.

Article 11

Interest

  • 1. Interest arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2. However, such interest may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which it arises and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the interest is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of the interest.

  • 3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2, interest shall be exempted from tax in the Contracting State in which it arises if it is:

    • a) interest beneficially owned by a Contracting State, a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or by an instrumentality of that State, political subdivision or local authority;

    • b) interest paid by a purchaser to a seller in connection with a commercial credit resulting from deferred payments for goods, merchandise, equipment or services;

    • c) interest paid in respect of loans of any nature granted by a banking enterprise, except where such loans are represented by bearer instruments;

    • d) interest paid in respect of a credit or loan of any nature granted or extended by an enterprise to another enterprise;

    • e) interest paid to a pension fund, provided that the debt-claim in respect of which such interest is paid is held for the purpose of an activity mentioned under Article 3, paragraph 1, l).

  • 4. The term «interest» as used in this Article means income from debt-claims of every kind, whether or not secured by mortgage, and in particular, income from government securities and income from bonds or debentures, including premiums and prizes attaching to such securities, bonds or debentures. However, the term «interest» shall not include for the purpose of this Article penalty charges for late payment or interest regarded as dividends under paragraph 5 of Article 10.

  • 5. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the interest, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the interest arises through a permanent establishment situated therein and the debt-claim in respect of which the interest is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment. In such case the provisions of Article 7 shall apply.

  • 6. Interest shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is a resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the interest, whether he is a resident of a Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment in connection with which the indebtedness on which the interest is paid was incurred, and such interest is borne by such permanent establishment, then such interest shall be deemed to arise in the State in which the permanent establishment is situated.

  • 7. Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the interest, having regard to the debt-claim for which it is paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Convention.

  • 8. No relief shall be available under this Article if it was the main purpose or one of the main purposes of any person concerned with the creation or assignment of the debt-claim in respect of which the interest is paid to take advantage of this Article by means of that creation or assignment.

Article 12

Royalties

  • 1. Royalties arising in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in that other State.

  • 2. The term «royalties» as used in this Article means payments of any kind received as a consideration for the use of, or the right to use, any copyright of literary, artistic or scientific work including cinematograph films and films or tapes for television or radio broadcasting, any patent, trade mark, design or model, plan, secret formula or process, or for information concerning industrial, commercial or scientific experience. 

  • 3. The provisions of paragraph 1 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the royalties, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the royalties arise through a permanent establishment situated therein and the right or property in respect of which the royalties are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment. In such case the provisions of Article 7 shall apply.

  • 4. Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the royalties, having regard to the use, right or information for which they are paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Convention.

  • 5. No relief shall be available under this Article if it was the main purpose or one of the main purposes of any person concerned with the creation or assignment of the rights in respect of which the royalties are paid to take advantage of this Article by means of that creation or assignment.

Article 13

Capital Gains

  • 1. Gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of immovable property referred to in Article 6 and situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2. Gains from the alienation of movable property forming part of the business property of a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State, including such gains from the alienation of such a permanent establishment (alone or with the whole enterprise), may be taxed in that other State.

  • 3. Gains derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State from the alienation of ships or aircraft operated in international traffic or movable property pertaining to the operation of such ships or aircraft, shall be taxable only in that State.

  • 4. Gains from the alienation of any property other than that referred to in the preceding paragraphs, shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the alienator is a resident.

    Such gains may also be taxed in the other Contracting State to the extent they are not subject to tax in the first-mentioned State. However, this last provision shall apply only in the case of an individual who has been a resident of that other Contracting State at any time during the five taxable periods immediately preceding the year in which the alienation took place, and only to that part of the gain which relates to the period before that individual last became a resident of the first-mentioned State.

Article 14

Income from Employment

  • 1. Subject to the provisions of Articles 15, 17 and 18, salaries, wages and other similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment shall be taxable only in that State unless the employment is exercised in the other Contracting State. If the employment is so exercised, such remuneration as is derived therefrom may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment exercised in the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State if:

    • a) the recipient is present in the other State for a period or periods not exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in any twelve month period commencing or ending in the taxable period concerned, and

    • b) the remuneration is paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of the other State, and

    • c) the remuneration is not borne by a permanent establishment which the employer has in the other State.

  • 3. Paragraph 2 of this Article shall not apply to remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment exercised in the other Contracting State and paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of that other State if:

    • a) the recipient renders services in the course of that employment to a person other than the employer and that person, directly or indirectly, supervises, directs or controls the manner in which those services are performed, and

    • b) those services constitute an integral part of the business activities carried on by that person.

  • 4. Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, remuneration derived in respect of an employment exercised aboard a ship or aircraft operated in international traffic by an enterprise of a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.

Article 15

Directors' Fees

  • 1. Directors' fees and other similar payments derived by a resident of a Contracting State in his capacity as a member of the board of directors or of a similar organ of a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

    The preceding provision shall also apply to payments derived in respect of the discharge of functions which, under the laws of the Contracting State of which the company is a resident, are regarded as functions of a similar nature as those exercised by a person referred to in the said provision.

  • 2. Remuneration derived by a person referred to in paragraph 1 from a company which is a resident of a Contracting State in respect of the discharge of day-to-day functions of a managerial or technical, commercial or financial nature and remuneration received by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of his day-to-day activity as a partner of a company, other than a company with share capital, which is a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable in accordance with the provisions of Article 14, as if such remuneration were remuneration derived by an employee in respect of an employment and as if references to the «employer» were references to the company.

Article 16

Artistes and Sportsmen

  • 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 7 and 14, income derived by a resident of a Contracting State as an entertainer, such as a theatre, motion picture, radio or television artiste, or a musician, or as a sportsman, from his personal activities as such exercised in the other Contracting State, may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2. Where income in respect of personal activities exercised by an entertainer or a sportsman in his capacity as such accrues not to the entertainer or sportsman himself but to another person, that income may, notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 7 and 14, be taxed in the Contracting State in which the activities of the entertainer or sportsman are exercised.

  • 3. The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to income derived from activities performed in a Contracting State by entertainers if the visit to that State is substantially supported by public funds of the other Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Article 17

Pensions and Social Security Payments

  • 1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions, other similar remuneration and social security payments, paid to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State. However such pensions, other similar remuneration and social security payments may also be taxed in the other Contracting State if they arise in that State.

Article 18

Government Service

  • 1.

    • a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.

    • b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who :

      • (i) is a national of that State; or

      • (ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

  • 2.

    • a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.

    • b) However, such pension and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.

  • 3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Article 19

Students

Payments which a student or business apprentice who is or was immediately before visiting a Contracting State a resident of the other Contracting State and who is present in the first-mentioned State solely for the purpose of his education or training receives for the purpose of his maintenance, education or training shall not be taxed in that State, provided that such payments arise from sources outside that State.

Article 20

Offshore Activities

  • 1. The provisions of this Article shall apply notwithstanding any other provision of this Convention.

  • 2. A person who is a resident of a Contracting State and carries on activities offshore in the other Contracting State in connection with the exploration or exploitation of the seabed or subsoil or their natural resources situated in that other State shall, subject to paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Article, be deemed in relation to those activities to be carrying on business in that other State through a permanent establishment situated therein.

  • 3. The provisions of paragraph 2 and sub-paragraph b) of paragraph 6 shall not apply where the activities are carried on for a period or periods not exceeding 30 days in the aggregate in any twelve months period commencing or ending in the taxable period concerned. However, for the purposes of this paragraph:

    • a) activities carried on by an enterprise associated with another enterprise shall be regarded as carried on by the enterprise with which it is associated if the activities in question are substantially the same as those carried on by the last-mentioned enterprise;

    • b) two enterprises shall be deemed to be associated if:

      • (i) an enterprise of a Contracting State participates directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of the other Contracting State, or

      • (ii) the same person or persons participate directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of both enterprises.

  • 4. Profits derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State from the transportation of supplies or personnel to a location, or between locations, where activities in connection with the exploration or exploitation of the seabed or subsoil or their natural resources are being carried on in a Contracting State, or from the operation of tugboats and other vessels auxiliary to such activities, shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the enterprise is a resident.

  • 5.

    • a) Subject to sub-paragraph b) of this paragraph, salaries, wages and similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment connected with the exploration or exploitation of the seabed or subsoil or their natural resources situated in the other Contracting State may, to the extent that the duties are performed offshore in that other State, be taxed in that other State. However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State if the employment is carried on offshore for an employer who is not a resident of the other State and provided that the employment is carried on for a period or periods not exceeding in the aggregate 30 days in any twelve-month period commencing or ending in the taxable period concerned.

    • b) Salaries, wages and similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment exercised aboard a ship or aircraft engaged in the transportation of supplies or personnel to a location, or between locations, where activities connected with the exploration or exploitation of the seabed or subsoil or their natural resources are being carried on in the other Contracting State, or in respect of an employment exercised aboard tugboats or other vessels operated auxiliary to such activities, may be taxed in the State of which the enterprise carrying on such activities is a resident.

  • 6. Gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of:

    • a) exploration or exploitation rights; or

    • b) property situated in the other Contracting State and used in connection with the exploration or exploitation of the seabed or subsoil or their natural resources situated in that other State; or

    • c) shares deriving their value or the greater part of their value directly or indirectly from such rights or such property or from such rights and such property taken together,

    may be taxed in the other Contracting State.

    In this paragraph «exploration or exploitation rights» means rights to assets to be produced by the exploration or exploitation of the seabed or subsoil or their natural resources in the other Contracting State, including rights to interests in or to the benefit of such assets.

Article 21

Other Income

  • 1. Items of income of a resident of a Contracting State, wherever arising, not dealt with in the foregoing Articles of this Convention shall be taxable only in that State.

  • 2. The provisions of paragraph 1 shall not apply to income, other than income from immovable property as defined in paragraph 2 of Article 6, if the recipient of such income, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein and the right or property in respect of which the income is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment. In such case the provisions of Article 7 shall apply.

  • 3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, items of income of a resident of a Contracting State not dealt with in the foregoing articles of the Convention and arising in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State if such items of income are not effectively taxed in the first-mentioned State.

  • 4. The provisions of this Article shall not apply if it was the main purpose or one of the main purposes of any person concerned with the creation or assignment of the rights in respect of which the income is paid to take advantage of this Article by means of that creation or assignment.

Article 22

Elimination of Double Taxation

  • 1. Subject to the provisions of the laws of Norway regarding the allowance as a credit against Norwegian tax of tax payable in a territory outside Norway (which shall not affect the general principle of this Article)

    • a) Where a resident of Norway derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, may be taxed in Belgium, Norway shall allow as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the income tax paid in Belgium on that income. Such deduction shall not, however, exceed that part of the income tax, as computed before the deduction is given, which is attributable to the income which may be taxed in Belgium.

    • b) Where in accordance with any provision of the Convention income derived by a resident of Norway is exempt from tax in Norway, Norway may nevertheless include such income in the tax base, but shall allow as a deduction from the Norwegian tax on income that part of the income tax which is attributable to the income derived from Belgium.

  • 2. In the case of Belgium :

    • a) Where a resident of Belgium derives income, not being dividends, interest or royalties, which is taxed in Norway in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, Belgium shall exempt such income from tax but if such resident is an individual, Belgium shall only exempt such income from tax to the extent that such income is effectively taxed in Norway.

    • b) The exemption provided for in subparagraph a) shall also be granted with respect to income – regarded as dividends under Belgian law – which is derived by a resident of Belgium from a participation in an entity that has its place of effective management in Norway, and has not been taxed as such in Norway, provided that the resident of Belgium is taxed in Norway on his share of the income of the entity. The exempted income is the income received after deduction of the costs incurred in Belgium or elsewhere in relation to the management of the participation in the entity.

    • c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraphs a) and b) and any other provision of the Convention, Belgium shall, for the determination of the additional taxes established by Belgian municipalities and conurbations, take into account the earned income (revenus professionnels – beroepsinkomsten) that is exempted from tax in Belgium in accordance with subparagraphs a) and b). These additional taxes shall be calculated on the tax which would be payable in Belgium if the earned income in question had been derived from Belgian sources.

      Where in accordance with any provision of the Convention income derived by a resident of Belgium is exempted from tax in Belgium, Belgium may nevertheless, in calculating the amount of tax on the remaining income of such resident, apply the rate of tax which would have been applicable if such income had not been exempted.

    • d) Dividends derived by a company which is a resident of Belgium from a company which is a resident of Norway shall be exempted from the corporate income tax in Belgium under the conditions and within the limits provided for in Belgian law.

    • e) Where a company which is a resident of Belgium derives from a company which is a resident of Norway dividends which are not exempted in accordance with subparagraph d), such dividends shall nevertheless be exempted from the corporate income tax in Belgium if the company which is a resident of Norway is effectively engaged in the active conduct of a business in Norway. In such case, such dividends shall be exempted under the conditions and within the limits provided for in Belgian law except those related to the fiscal regime applicable to the company which is a resident of Norway or to the income out of which the dividends are paid. This provision shall only apply to dividends paid out of income generated by the active conduct of a business.

    • f) Where a company which is a resident of Belgium derives from a company which is a resident of Norway dividends which are included in its aggregate income for Belgian tax purposes and which are not exempted from the corporate income tax according to subparagraphs d) or e), the Norwegian tax charged on such dividends in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 10 shall be allowed as a credit against Belgian tax relating to such dividends. The credit allowed shall not exceed that part of the Belgian tax which is proportionally relating to such dividends.

    • g) Subject to the provisions of Belgian law regarding the deduction from Belgian tax of taxes paid abroad, where a resident of Belgium derives items of his aggregate income for Belgian tax purposes which are interest or royalties, the Norwegian tax charged on that income shall be allowed as a credit against Belgian tax relating to such income.

    • h) Where, in accordance with Belgian law, losses incurred by an enterprise carried on by a resident of Belgium in a permanent establishment situated in Norway have been effectively deducted from the profits of that enterprise for its taxation in Belgium, the exemption provided for in sub-paragraph a) shall not apply in Belgium to the profits of other taxable periods attributable to that establishment to the extent that those profits have also been exempted from tax in Norway by reason of compensation for the said losses.

Article 23

Non-Discrimination

  • 1. Nationals of a Contracting State shall not be subjected in the other Contracting State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith, which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which nationals of that other State in the same circumstances, in particular with respect to residence, are or may be subjected. This provision shall, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 1, also apply to persons who are not residents of one or both of the Contracting States.

  • 2. Stateless persons who are residents of a Contracting State shall not be subjected in either Contracting State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith, which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which nationals of the State concerned in the same circumstances, in particular with respect to residence, are or may be subjected.

  • 3. The taxation on a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State shall not be less favourably levied in that other State than the taxation levied on enterprises of that other State carrying on the same activities. This provision shall not be construed as obliging a Contracting State to grant to residents of the other Contracting State any personal allowances, reliefs and reductions for taxation purposes on account of civil status or family responsibilities which it grants to its own residents.

  • 4. Except where the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 9, paragraph 7 of Article 11, or paragraph 4 of Article 12, apply, interest, royalties and other disbursements paid by an enterprise of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State shall, for the purpose of determining the taxable profits of such enterprise, be deductible under the same conditions as if they had been paid to a resident of the first-mentioned State.

  • 5. Enterprises of a Contracting State, the capital of which is wholly or partly owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by one or more residents of the other Contracting State, shall not be subjected in the first-mentioned State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which other similar enterprises of the first-mentioned State are or may be subjected.

  • 6. The provisions of this Article shall, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 2, apply to taxes of every kind and description.

Article 24

Mutual Agreement Procedure

  • 1. Where a person considers that the actions of one or both of the Contracting States result or will result for him in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, he may, irrespective of the remedies provided by the domestic law of those States, present his case to the competent authority of the Contracting State of which he is a resident or, if his case comes under paragraph 1 of Article 23, to that of the Contracting State of which he is a national. The case must be presented within three years from the first notification of the action resulting in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of the Convention. 

  • 2. The competent authority shall endeavour, if the objection appears to it to be justified and if it is not itself able to arrive at a satisfactory solution, to resolve the case by mutual agreement with the competent authority of the other Contracting State, with a view to the avoidance of taxation which is not in accordance with the Convention. Any agreement reached shall be implemented notwithstanding any time limits in the domestic law of the Contracting States.

  • 3. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to resolve by mutual agreement any difficulties or doubts arising as to the interpretation or application of the Convention.

  • 4. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall agree on administrative measures necessary to carry out the provisions of the Convention and particularly on the proofs to be furnished by residents of either Contracting State in order to benefit in the other State from the exemptions or reductions of tax provided for in the Convention.

  • 5. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall communicate directly with each other for the application of the Convention.

Article 25

Exchange of Information

  • 1. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall exchange such information as is foreseeably relevant for carrying out the provisions of this Convention or to the administration or enforcement of the domestic laws concerning taxes of every kind and description imposed on behalf of the Contracting States, or of their political subdivisions or local authorities, insofar as the taxation thereunder is not contrary to the Convention. The exchange of information is not restricted by Articles 1 and 2. 

  • 2. Any information received under paragraph 1 by a Contracting State shall be treated as secret in the same manner as information obtained under the domestic laws of that State and shall be disclosed only to persons or authorities (including courts and administrative bodies) concerned with the assessment or collection of, the enforcement or prosecution in respect of, the determination of appeals in relation to the taxes referred to in paragraph 1, or the oversight of the above. Such persons or authorities shall use the information only for such purposes. They may disclose the information in public court proceedings or in judicial decisions. Notwithstanding the foregoing, information received by a Contracting State may be used for other purposes when such information may be used for such other purposes under the laws of both States and the competent authority of the supplying State authorises such use.

  • 3. In no case shall the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 be construed so as to impose on a Contracting State the obligation:

    • a) to carry out administrative measures at variance with the laws and administrative practice of that or of the other Contracting State;

    • b) to supply information which is not obtainable under the laws or in the normal course of the administration of that or of the other Contracting State;

    • c) to supply information which would disclose any trade, business, industrial, commercial or professional secret or trade process, or information, the disclosure of which would be contrary to public policy (ordre public). 

  • 4. If information is requested by a Contracting State in accordance with this Article, the other Contracting State shall use its information gathering measures to obtain the requested information, even though that other State may not need such information for its own tax purposes. The obligation contained in the preceding sentence is subject to the limitations of paragraph 3 but in no case shall such limitations be construed to permit a Contracting State to decline to supply information solely because it has no domestic interest in such information.

  • 5. In no case shall the provisions of paragraph 3 be construed to permit a Contracting State to decline to supply information solely because the information is held by a bank, other financial institution, trust, foundation, nominee or person acting in an agency or a fiduciary capacity or because it relates to ownership interests in a person.

Article 26

Assistance in the Collection of Taxes

  • 1. The Contracting States shall lend assistance to each other in the collection of revenue claims. This assistance is not restricted by Articles 1 and 2. The competent authorities of the Contracting States may by mutual agreement settle the mode of application of this Article.

  • 2. The term «revenue claim» as used in this Article means an amount owed in respect of taxes of every kind and description imposed on behalf of the Contracting States, or of their political subdivisions or local authorities, insofar as the taxation thereunder is not contrary to this Convention or any other instrument to which the Contracting States are parties, as well as interest, administrative penalties and costs of collection or conservancy related to such amount.

  • 3. When a revenue claim of a Contracting State is enforceable under the laws of that State and is owed by a person who, at that time, cannot, under the laws of that State, prevent its collection, that revenue claim shall, at the request of the competent authority of that State, be accepted for purposes of collection by the competent authority of the other Contracting State. That revenue claim shall be collected by that other State in accordance with the provisions of its laws applicable to the enforcement and collection of its own taxes as if the revenue claim were a revenue claim of that other State.

  • 4. When a revenue claim of a Contracting State is a claim in respect of which that State may, under its law, take measures of conservancy with a view to ensure its collection, that revenue claim shall, at the request of the competent authority of that State, be accepted for purposes of taking measures of conservancy by the competent authority of the other Contracting State. That other State shall take measures of conservancy in respect of that revenue claim in accordance with the provisions of its laws as if the revenue claim were a revenue claim of that other State even if, at the time when such measures are applied, the revenue claim is not enforceable in the first-mentioned State or is owed by a person who has a right to prevent its collection.

  • 5. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 3 and 4, a revenue claim accepted by a Contracting State for purposes of paragraph 3 or 4 shall not, in that State, be subject to the time limits or accorded any priority applicable to a revenue claim under the laws of that State by reason of its nature as such. In addition, a revenue claim accepted by a Contracting State for the purposes of paragraph 3 or 4 shall not, in that State, have any priority applicable to that revenue claim under the laws of the other Contracting State.

  • 6. Proceedings with respect to the existence, validity or amount of a revenue claim of a Contracting State shall not be brought before the courts or administrative bodies of the other Contracting State.

  • 7. Where, at any time after a request has been made by a Contracting State under paragraph 3 or 4 and before the other Contracting State has collected and remitted the relevant revenue claim to the first-mentioned State, the relevant revenue claim ceases to be

    • a) in the case of a request under paragraph 3, a revenue claim of the first-mentioned State that is enforceable under the laws of that State and is owed by a person who, at that time, cannot, under the laws of that State, prevent its collection, or

    • b) in the case of a request under paragraph 4, a revenue claim of the first-mentioned State in respect of which that State may, under its laws, take measures of conservancy with a view to ensure its collection,

      the competent authority of the first-mentioned State shall promptly notify the competent authority of the other State of that fact and, at the option of the other State, the first-mentioned State shall either suspend or withdraw its request. 

  • 8. In no case shall the provisions of this Article be construed so as to impose on a Contracting State the obligation:

    • a) to carry out administrative measures at variance with the laws and administrative practice of that or of the other Contracting State;

    • b) to carry out measures which would be contrary to public policy (ordre public);

    • c) to provide assistance if the other Contracting State has not pursued all reasonable measures of collection or conservancy, as the case may be, available under its laws or administrative practice;

    • d) to provide assistance in those cases where the administrative burden for that State is clearly disproportionate to the benefit to be derived by the other Contracting State.

Article 27

Members of diplomatic Missions and Consular Posts

  • 1. Nothing in this Convention shall affect the fiscal privileges of members of diplomatic missions or consular posts under the general rules of international law or under the provisions of special agreements.

  • 2. Insofar as, due to fiscal privileges granted to members of diplomatic missions and consular posts under the general rules of international law or under the provisions of special international agreements, income is not subject to tax in the receiving State, the right to tax shall be reserved to the sending State.

  • 3. The Convention shall not apply to international organisations, to organs or officials thereof and to persons who are members of diplomatic missions or consular posts of a third State, being present in a Contracting State and not treated in either Contracting State as residents in respect of taxes on income.

Article 28

Entry into Force

  • 1. Each Contracting State shall notify the other Contracting State of the completion of the procedures required by its laws for the bringing into force of this Convention. The Convention shall enter into force on the date on which the later of these notifications is received.

  • 2. The provisions of the Convention shall have effect:

    • a) with respect to taxes due at source, on income credited or payable on or after January 1 of the year next following the year in which the Convention entered into force;

    • b) with respect to other taxes on income, on income of taxable periods beginning on or after January 1 of the year next following the year in which the Convention entered into force;

    • c) with respect to other taxes, on taxes due in respect of taxable events taking place on or after January 1 of the year next following the year in which the Convention entered into force.

  • 3. The Convention between the Kingdom of Norway and the Kingdom of Belgium for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on capital signed in Oslo on 14 April 1988, as amended by the Protocol signed in Brussels on 10 September 2009, shall terminate and cease to be effective from the date upon which this Convention has effect in respect of the taxes to which this Convention applies in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article.

Article 29

Termination

This Convention shall remain in force until terminated by a Contracting State. Either Contracting State may terminate the Convention, through diplomatic channels, by giving to the other Contracting State, written notice of termination not later than June 30 of any calendar year from the fifth year following that in which the Convention entered into force. In the event of termination before July 1 of such year, the Convention shall cease to have effect:

  • a) with respect to taxes due at source, on income credited or payable on or after January 1 of the year next following the year in which the notice of termination is given;

  • b) with respect to other taxes on income, on income of taxable periods beginning on or after January 1 of the year next following the year in which the notice of termination is given;

  • c) with respect to other taxes, on taxes due in respect of taxable events taking place on or after January 1 of the year next following the year in which the notice of termination is given.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto by their respective Governments, have signed this Convention.

SIGNED in duplicate at Oslo, this 23rd day of April 2014, in the English language.

FOR THE KINGDOM OF NORWAY:

FOR THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM :

FOR THE FLEMISH COMMUNITY:

FOR THE FRENCH COMMUNITY:

FOR THE GERMAN-SPEAKING COMMUNITY:

FOR THE FLEMISH REGION:

FOR THE WALLOON REGION:

FOR THE BRUSSELS-CAPITAL REGION:

Bente Angell-Hansen

Michel Godfrind

Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Belgiums Ambassador to Norway

Protocol

At the moment of signing the Convention between the Kingdom of Norway and the Kingdom of Belgium for the avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on income and for the prevention of fiscal evasion, the undersigned have agreed upon the following provisions which shall form an integral part of the Convention.

  • 1. Notwithstanding any provision of the Convention, the benefits of the Convention shall not apply if income is paid or derived in connection with an artificial arrangement.

  • 2. Ad Article 3, paragraph 2:

    In the interpretation of the provisions of the Convention which are identical or in substance similar to the provisions of the OECD Model Tax Convention, the tax administrations of the Contracting States shall endeavour to follow the general principles of the Commentaries on the Articles of that Model Convention provided the Contracting States did not include in those Commentaries any observations expressing a disagreement with those principles and to the extent the Contracting States do not agree on a divergent interpretation in the framework of paragraph 3 of Article 24.

  • 3. Ad Article 4, paragraph 1:

    It is understood that the term «resident of a Contracting State» includes a pension fund, as defined in paragraph 1, l) of article 3, established in that State.

  • 4. Ad Article 11, paragraph 3:

    It is understood that, in the case of Norway, the exemption provided for by this paragraph shall apply to the Government Pension Fund Global and the Eksportkreditt Norge AS.

  • 5. Ad Article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2:

    It is understood that an employment is exercised in a Contracting State when the activity in respect of which the salaries, wages and other similar remuneration are paid, is effectively carried on in that State. The activity is effectively carried on in that State where the employee is physically present in that State for carrying on the activity, irrespective of the place in which the contract of employment was made, the residence of the employer or of the person paying the remuneration, the place or time of payment of the remuneration, or the place where the results of the employee’s work are exploited.

  • 6. Ad Articles 14 and 15:

    It is understood that a compensation paid by reason of the termination of an employment, or of a mandate in a company, may be taxed in the Contracting State in which the employment is exercised, or of which the company is a resident, if and to the extent that the salaries or fees derived during the calendar year preceding the termination of that employment or mandate in respect of that employment or mandate may be taxed in that State according to the provisions of Article 14 or Article 15, as the case may be.

  • 7. Ad Article 21, paragraph 3 and Article 22, paragraph 2, a):

    For the application of paragraph 3 of Article 21 and paragraph 2, a) of Article 22, an item of income is effectively taxed in a Contracting State where such item of income is subjected to tax in that Contracting State and does not benefit as such from an exemption from tax therein.

  • 8. Ad Article 22, paragraph 2, a) and b):

    For the application of paragraph 2, a) and b) of Article 22, an item of income is taxed in Norway where such item of income is subjected in Norway to the tax regime that is normally applicable to such item of income according to Norwegian tax laws. 

  • 9. Ad Article 22, paragraph 2, f):

    For the application of the credit allowed under paragraph 2, f), the dividends included in the aggregate income for Belgian tax purposes shall include the Norwegian tax charged on such dividends in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 10.

  • 10. Ad Article 24:

    If at any time after the date of signature of this Convention, Norway includes a provision on arbitration in any of its double taxation conventions, the Government of Norway shall inform the Government of Belgium in writing and shall enter into negotiations with Belgium with a view to include a provision on arbitration in the present Convention.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto by their respective Governments, have signed this Protocol.

SIGNED in duplicate at Oslo this 23rd day of April 2014, in the English language.

FOR THE KINGDOM OF NORWAY:

FOR THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM :

FOR THE FLEMISH COMMUNITY:

FOR THE FRENCH COMMUNITY:

FOR THE GERMAN-SPEAKING COMMUNITY:

FOR THE FLEMISH REGION:

FOR THE WALLOON REGION:

FOR THE BRUSSELS- CAPITAL REGION:

Bente Angell-Hansen

Michel Godfrind

General Secretary of the Ministry of Finance

Belgiums ambassdor to Norway

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