Illegal Vidkun Quisling government in Oslo 1942-1945

1. February 1942–8. May 1945

After it was agreed between Nazi-German occupation authorities and the Norwegian Nazi party Nasjonal Samling (NS) that parts of the responsibility for the civil administration of Norway should be transferred to a government headed by NS leader Vidkun Quisling, the illegal ministers handed in their resignations on 30 January 1942.

They requested Quisling to form a «national government». This was done, and was celebrated by Nazi-German occupation authorities and the new illegal government at Akershus Palace in Oslo on 1 February 1942. As illegal head of government, Quisling took the title ministerpresident (premier). With the exception of three, the new illegal government consisted of the illegal ministers who had handed in their resignations. All were now NS members.

Quisling now claimed to possess the authority which according to the Constitution belonged to the King and the Storting. On Thursdays, he headed illegal government meetings, from 1944 called ministerial meetings – on 2 February 1942 in the Council of State Conference Hall at Victoria Terrasse 1, then at the Royal Palace. After 21 December 1944, there are no minutes from such meetings. For the period 9 February 1942-7 May 1945, minutes also refer to «decisions outside ministerial meeting».

On 1 April 1943, the Ministry of Trade (NS) and the Ministry of Provisioning (NS) were merged into a Ministry of Industry (NS). On 1 February 1944, the Ministry of Labour (NS) was reorganised into a Ministry of Traffic (NS).  On 12 June 1944, the Ministry of Shipping (NS) became part of the Ministry of Industry (NS).

At the Nazi-German capitulation in Norway on 8 May 1945, Vidkun Quisling's illegal government was dissolved. In agreement with the resistance movement Home Front, Johan Nygaardsvold's Government in London had appointed eight chief officers to lead the ministries in Oslo until a government delegation would arrive from London.  The main task of the chief officers was to link up the ministries with the Nygaardsvold Government, by re-establishing the structure of ministries that had existed in Oslo on 9 April 1940.

About the Government

Prime Minister: