Article | Last updated: 2017-03-27 | Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Norway’s financial contributions include funding to reduce social and economic disparities in Europe and contributions to the budget of EU programmes and agencies Norway participates in.
It is not possible to compare net payments between those of an EU Member State and those of a Non-Member state. However, Norway’s financial contributions related to our cooperation with the EU include the following:
The European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement includes a goal to reduce social and economic disparities in the European Economic Area. Thus, the EEA Efta States Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway have contributed to European cohesion efforts through various financial mechanisms since the EEA Agreement entered into force in 1994.
For the period 2014 – 2021, Norway’s annual contribution to 15 beneficiary states through the current EEA and Norway Grants scheme will be around 391 million euro.
Norway participates in a number of EU programmes through provisions in the EEA Agreement or on the basis of bilateral agreements with the EU. The largest programmes are the Horizon 2020, Erasmus+, Galileo and Copernicus. Norway (and our EEA partners Iceland and Liechtenstein) contributes to the budget of the programmes we participate in. For the period 2014 – 2020, Norway’s average annual commitment is 447 million euro.
Norway’s cooperation with the EU in the field of justice and home affairs, including participation in the Schengen cooperation and agreements on cooperation in various areas, also entails some financial contributions. The annual contribution in 2015 was almost 6 million euro.
Norway has negotiated an agreement with the EU on the instrument for financial support for external borders and visa under the Internal Security Fund 2014 – 2020. For the entire period, Norway’s contribution is stipulated to NOK 820 million. In the same period, Norway could receive co-financing from the fund to Schengen projects for a total of approximately 14.3 million euro.
In addition, for the period 2014 – 2020, Norway contributes around 25 million euro annually for our contribution in programmes under the European Territorial Cooperation Interreg.
The EEA Efta states normally fund their participation in EU programmes and agencies by an amount corresponding to the relative size of their GDP compared to the GDP of the whole EEA (proportionality factor). The EEA Efta states participation is hence on equal footing with EU member states.