Import tariffs for agricultural products

Published under: Solberg's Government

Publisher Ministry of Agriculture and Food

One of the most important instruments of agricultural policy for securing Norwegian food production are import tariffs to protect local agricultural production. Most agricultural commodities produced in Norway are tariff protected. For products such as sugar, rice, tropical fruit, and vegetables outside the Norwegian season, there is no tariff. All developing countries have reduced tariffs on exports of agricultural products to Norway. The 59 poorest countries in the world have duty free access.

Import Tariff Protection 

In 2013, Norway imported 47 billion NOK worth of agricultural produce. This means that imports haved doubled since 2005. 66 percent of imports are from the EU, 24 percent from developing countries and 10 percent from other countries.

Slightly simplified, the Norwegian import protection for agricultural commodities may be divided into three groups of products with high, medium and low tariff protection:

High tariff

Medium tariff

Low/no tariff

Meat

Chocolate

Beer/soda

Milk

Confectionery

Sugar, coffee, tea

Cheese

Pizza

Rice, corn

Cereals

Potatoes

Bananas

 

Tomatoes

Oranges

 

Cucumbers

Dog and cat food

 

Apples

A number of plants and plant parts

Imports of goods with high tariffs are limited. However, import quotas with low or no tariffs on such products are granted through trade agreements (WTO, EEA and EFTA trade agreements). 

The group with moderate tariffs includes e.g processed agricultural products.

The group with low or no tariffs mainly includes products that are not produced in Norway.

The Agriculture Directorate is responsible for managing the import protection. By administrative decision they can lower the tariffs to increase import in response to Norwegian market demand.