What is Norway’s export control system?

The export control system is intended to ensure that defence-related products, technology and services are only exported from Norway in accordance with Norwegian security and defence policy, and that exports of dual-use items do not contribute to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical and biological weapons) or their means of delivery.

Norway's Export Control Act  (pdf) and Export Control Regulations (pdf) provide the legal authority for the export control system. Guidelines (pdf)have been drawn up for the processing of applications for the export of arms, military equipment and components, and technology and services for military use (i.e. defence-related products). The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for administering the Export Control Act and drawing up regulations and guidelines to ensure that controls are implemented effectively.

Under the export control system, a range of products, technology and services may not be exported without an export licence from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They are specified in two lists issued by the Ministry: List I for defence-related products and List II for dual-use items. List II includes civilian products and related technology and services not included in List I that may also have military uses. The lists are the result of negotiations within the multilateral export control regimes in which Norway participates. Lists I and II form an integral part of the legislation, and are updated regularly.

Under the Export Control Regulations, a licence is also required to offer brokering services for the sale of products or technology from one foreign country to another. In addition, there are provisions requiring an export licence for any products, technology or services under certain circumstances. These are known as ‘catch-all’ clauses. The licensing requirement also applies to products designed or modified for military use, regardless of their condition at the time of export.

Adequate documentation of end use must be provided before an export licence can be issued. The Ministry may also lay down other conditions for granting licences.

The Section for Export Control is responsible for administering and implementing the export control system, including the policy framework and legislation and processing of export licence applications.