Norway’s engagement in peace processes since 1993

The following is an overview of areas where Norway has made an active contribution to peace and reconciliation processes.

Country

Norway’s contribution

Afghanistan

 

Support  for peace efforts and regional cooperation, including   confidence-building measures in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul   Process, aimed at strengthening regional relations and promoting common  interests.

Colombia

 

Together with Cuba, official facilitator of the peace process with Farc-EP since 2012. Also facilitator of the peace process with ELN (together with Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador and Venezuela). Formal negotiations with ELN announced on 30 March 2016, following secret talks since 2014. Several decades' of involvement in peace and reconciliation efforts in Colombia, and in various dialogue initiatives between the country's guerrilla groups (Farc-EP and ELN) and successive governments. 

Guatemala

 

Norway  played an active role as facilitator during the peace talks, and was a member of the Group of  Friends for Guatemala, together with the US, Spain,  Mexico, Venezuela and Colombia - of the group of friends for Guatemala, which assisted the UN in its mediation efforts. Three partial agreements signed in Norway. Peace agreement signed in 1996.

Myanmar

Supported the ceasefires and helped to prepare the ground for a political process through the Myanmar Peace Support Initiative from 2012 to 2014. Continuing to support the ongoing peace process, for example through the Peace Donor Support Group.

Nepal

 

Provided an informal meeting  place for the parties to the conflict during the peace process. Support for UN assistance and monitoring efforts. Peace agreement signed in 2006.

Israel, Palestine

Facilitator for the negotiations in 1992–1993 that led to the Oslo Accords. In charge of the People-to-People Programme, established under the Oslo II agreement in 1995 to make the peace process more inclusive. Chair of the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee for Assistance to the Palestinians (AHLC) since its establishment in 1993. Since the Oslo Accords, the AHLC has coordinated international financing for a large share of the Palestinian Authority's budgets.

The Philippines

Facilitator of the peace talks between the Government and the Communist movement CPP-NPA-NDFP since 2001. The peace talks were resumed in August 2016, after several years of stalemate. Participates in the International Monitoring Team (IMT) and the Independent Decommissioning Body (IDB) in Mindanao in connection with peace process between the Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).

Somalia

Support for peace and reconciliation efforts. Founding member, with the US, of the International Contact Group.

Sri Lanka

 

Support for peace and   reconciliation efforts from 1997 to 2009. Facilitator of peace negotiations between 2000 and 2006. Leadership of the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission set up to monitor the ceasefire signed in 2002, until the abrogation of the ceasefire by the Government of Sri Lanka in 2008.

Sudan/South Sudan

 

Key actor in the peace process, with Special Representative to Sudan and South Sudan, and member of the Troika (Norway, US, UK) since 2002. Played a leading role in the negotiations leading to the peace agreement in 2005. Supported the Igad-led (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) negotiations that resulted in the Addis Ababa agreements between Sudan and South Sudan in 2012. Also supported the Igad-led negotiations following the internal conflict in South Sudan from December 2013 until the conclusion of the South Sudan peace agreement in August 2015.

Norway has also provided financial and technical support for peace processes in Aceh, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Syria and Uganda. In addition, Norway has been engaged in dialogues in several other countries, including Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Timor-Leste. As peace talks are often confidential, this list is not exhaustive.