Norway’s engagement in peace work – by country

Norway is involved in peace efforts in a number of countries. An overview is given here. However, much of Norway’s work in this area is confidential, so it is not possible to give an exhaustive overview.
  • The peace process in Mozambique

    On 6 August 2019, a final peace agreement was signed between the Government and the Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo). This agreement is the result of peace talks that have taken place since December 2016. It deals with the issues of decentralisation and electoral reform, the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of Renamo soldiers, and includes the ceasefire agreement that was signed on 1 August.

  • Promoting a political process in Afghanistan

    There is increasing international recognition that the Afghanistan conflict can only be resolved through political negotiations, and not by military means. Norway has promoted dialogue and peace in the country for many years.

  • The Venezuelan Negotiation Process

    In 2021, the Venezuelan government and opposition initiated negotiations on a comprehensive solution to the crisis in the country.

  • The peace process in Colombia

    The armed conflict in Colombia has lasted for more than 50 years. It has had severe humanitarian consequences and caused great suffering to the civilian population. Several hundred thousand people have been killed, and more than six million have been forced to flee their homes.

  • Philippine peace talks

    The armed conflict between the Philippine authorities and the communist movement NDFP has lasted for 50 years. The parties have repeatedly tried to reach a peace agreement.

  • Israel – Palestine: A negotiated two-state solution

    Norway takes a balanced approach to the Middle East conflict. Our long-term engagement seeks to advance a negotiated two-state solution, with two states, Israel and Palestine, existing side by side in peace and security within secure and internationally recognised borders. It is Norway’s position that only a negotiated two-state solution can bring about lasting peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians.

  • Syria: Norway will promote a political solution

    The situation in Syria clearly illustrates the way in which war and conflict can set a country’s development back several decades in a short space of time. Norway has consistently supported peacebuilding measures in the country, as well as the UN’s work to bring an end to the Syrian conflict.

  • Peace and reconciliation efforts in Myanmar

    Myanmar has experienced one of the world’s longest civil wars, and is currently involved in a very complex peace process. Since independence in 1948, the central authorities have been engaged in hostilities with a number of different ethnic armed groups based in the areas bordering Myanmar’s neighbouring countries.

  • National dialogue and reconciliation in Somalia

    National reconciliation is one of the main priorities of the Federal Government of Somalia. In 2019, with Norwegian support, the Somali Government adopted a national framework for reconciliation. Norway is actively supporting the implementation of the framework at the grassroots level throughout the country, with an emphasis on the inclusion of women and marginalised groups.

  • National reconciliation in Sri Lanka

    At the invitation of the Sri Lankan authorities and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Norway acted as an impartial facilitator of the negotiations between the parties to the conflict in Sri Lanka between 1999 and 2006. Norway’s mandate was to facilitate the peace process between the Sri Lankan authorities and the LTTE.

  • South Sudan: Norway continue efforts to promote political solution

    Norway has gained a unique position in South Sudan due to its longstanding efforts to improve conditions for the population, and the key role it played, in close cooperation with the US and the UK (the other Troika countries), in the peace process with Sudan from the early 2000s until South Sudan’s declaration of independence in 2011.