The Venezuelan Negotiation Process

The Venezuelan government and opposition have initiated negotiations on a comprehensive solution to the crisis in the country.

Norway's engagement to assist the parties in Venezuela in finding a solution to the country's conflict for the benefit of the population started in 2018. From May to August 2019, Norway facilitated negotiations between the delegations of Nicolás Maduro and Juan Guaidó in Oslo and in Barbados.

Launch of new negotiations, 13 August 2021

Exploratory talks between the two sides from March 2021 resulted in the launch of a new negotiation process on August 13 in Mexico City. There, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding, setting out the visions, format and agenda for comprehensive negotiations. Norway is the facilitator of the negotiations. Mexico is the host nation, while the parties have designated two accompanying countries – the Netherlands and Russia.

The parties are committed to negotiating effectively to achieve inclusive and long-term results for the benefit of the Venezuelan people. They will conduct consultations with political and civilian actors during the process. At the same time, there is agreement to respect the sensitive nature of the negotiations to ensure a conducive environment that can allow for swift progress.

Second round of negotiations, 3 – 6 September 2021

During the second round of negotiations in Mexico City, the parties agreed on a joint statement and reached two agreements.

Third round of negotiations, 25 – 27 September 2021

During the third round of negotiations in Mexico City, the parties agreed on a joint statement.