Article | Last updated: 2018-11-06 | Ministry of Finance
The market value of the GPFG equalled 8,337 billion Norwegian kroner at the end of the first half of 2018. Investments in equities, fixed-income and unlisted real estate corresponded to 5,550 billion, 2,550 billion and 220 billion kroner, respectively, equivalent to a proportion of Fund assets of 66.8 percent, 30.6 percent and 2.6 percent.
GPFG Market Value Development May 1996 – 30 June 2018
NOK billion (lha) and per cent of GDP Mainland Norway (rha)
Sources: Norges Bank, Thomson Reuters Datastream and the Ministry of Finance
In the first half of 2018, the market value of the GPFG was reduced by 149 billion kroner. The nominal return over the period accounted for -3 billion kroner, whilst changes in the Norwegian krone exchange rate entailed, when taken in isolation, a decrease in the value of the Fund of about 135 billion kroner. In the first half of 2018, the state’s net cash flows from the petroleum activites were -8 billion kroner.
Market value development since inception
Sources: Norges Bank and Ministry of Finance
At the end of the first half of 2018, aggregate inflow of capital since inception amounted to 3,497 billion Norwegian kroner, whilst the aggregate outflow of capital corresponded to 172 billion kroner. Total gross return (before the deduction of asset management costs) equalled 4,147 billion kroner, cf. graph above.
By way of the Fund being invested in other currencies than Norwegian kroner, its value measured in kroner is influenced by exchange rate fluctuations. The Norwegian krone has depreciated relative to the currency basket of the Fund over the said period, resulting in an increase in the market value in kroner of 904 billion. Changes in the Norwegian kroner exchange rate do not impact the development in the international purchasing power of the Fund. One must be prepared for exchange rates to fluctuate over time.