Government Pension Fund Norway (GPFN)
The capital base of the Government Pension Fund Norway (GPFN) originates primarily from surpluses in the national insurance scheme between the introduction of the national insurance scheme in 1967 and the late 1970s.
The Storting has in the Government Pension Fund Act, made the Ministry of Finance responsible for the management of the Government Pension Fund Norway. Operational management of Fund is carried out by Folketrygdfondet. The Ministry has issued provisions on the management in a separate mandate.
The objective for the management of the GPFN is to maximise financial returns measured in Norwegian kroner, given a moderate level of risk. The main part of the assets of the GPFN is invested in the Norwegian equity and fixed income markets.
The benchmark index adopted by the Ministry forms the basis for the management of the GPFN. The benchmark is divided into equities (60 percent) and fixed income instruments (40 percent), and into two geographical regions; Norway (85 percent) and the Nordic region excluding Iceland (15 percent).
Meld. St. 20 (2018-2019)
The purpose of the Government Pension Fund is to support long-term considerations in the government’s spending of petroleum revenues, as well as saving to finance pension expenditure under the National Insurance Scheme.