Article | Last updated: 2016-04-01 | Ministry of Petroleum and Energy
Why does Norway cooperate on CCS?International cooperation is essential to get a widespread deployment of CCS.
CCS in the EU and the use of Norway's EEA-grants
The European Commission has invited Norway to contribute to the realisation of a European CCS-project. The Norwegian Govenment has agreed to do so in cooperation with a a minimum of two other European countries.
Many of the countries receiving Norwegian EEA-grants ("cohesion- contributions") have big sources of CO2–emissions. The Norwegian government has proposedthat parts of those grants be used to finance European CCS-projects.
CCS-support in emerging and developing countries
The Norwegian government has prioritised four geographic regions or countries for CCS-co-operation: Southern Africa, China, the Persian Gulf region and Indonesia.
Norway participates in the EU-commission's co-operation with China on CCS, the "Near Zero Emission Coal" initiative. Pre-feasibilty studies for three CCS-projects in China have been conducted.
Norway has supported the South African CCS-centre for many years. The Centre has published a CO2-storage atlas for South Africa. The next step is a test-injection of CO2 for mapping the qualities of potential storage reservoars. Norway supports this project via earmarked grants to the World Bank's CCS-fund (see below). The government has also granted support to DNV GL's feasibility studies on CCS for new coal power plants in Mosambik.
Together with Norway and other donors, the World Bank has established a fund to support CCS in developing and emerging countries. Norway has contributed with NOK 113.5 millions since 2009. Supported measures include mapping of geological storage sites and development of national legal frameworks and other capacity building and knowledge-sharing activities. The fund has chosen South Africa and Mexico as countries prioritised for further work. The Norwegian government will continue this co-operation. Norway is open to consider supporting a large scale CCS-projects in developing countries in co-operation with other contributors.
International co-operation fora
Exchange of experience and know-how is an integral element of international cooperation on CCS. Norway participate in a range of regional and international initiatives. For example, Norway is involved in the North Sea Basin Task Force, the World Bank CCS Trust Fund, the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, and the 4-Kingdom Initiative. Together with the European Commission, Norway is supporting the Near Zero Emission Coal project in China. Norway is also working with international organisations like the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO).