NOU 2007: 05

Frarådningsplikt i kredittkjøp— Utredning nr. 17 fra Banklovkommisjonen

Til innholdsfortegnelse

5 Directive 98/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 1998 amending Directive 87/102/EEC for the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning consumer credit

DIRECTIVE 98/7/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 16 February 1998 amending Directive 87/102/EEC for the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning consumer credit

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 100a thereof,

Having regard to the proposal of the Commission (1),

Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee (2),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 189b of the Treaty (3),

Whereas it is desirable, in order to promote the establishment and functioning of the internal market and to ensure that consumers benefit from a high level of protection, that a single method of calculating the annual percentage rate of charge for consumer credit should be used throughout the Community;

Whereas Article 5 of Directive 87/102/EEC (4) provides for the introduction of a Community method or methods of calculating the annual percentage rate of charge;

Whereas, in order to introduce this single method, it is desirable to draw up a single mathematical formula for calculating the annual percentage rate of charge and for determining the credit cost items to be used in the calculation by indicating those costs which must not be taken into account;

Whereas Annex II of Directive 87/102/EEC introduced a mathematical formula for the calculation of the annual percentage rate of charge and Article 1a(2) of that Directive provided for the charges to be excluded from the calculation of the 'total cost of credit to the consumer';

Whereas during a transitional period of three years from 1 January 1993, Member States which prior to 1 March 1990 applied laws which permitted the use of another mathematical formula for calculating the annual percentage rate of charge, were permitted to continue to apply such laws;

Whereas the Commission has submitted a Report to the Council which makes it possible, in the light of experience, to apply a single Community mathematical formula for calculating the annual percentage rate of charge;

Whereas, since no Member State has made use of Article 1a(3) of Directive 87/102/EEC by which certain costs were excluded from the calculation of the annual percentage rate of charge in certain Member States, it has become obsolete;

Whereas accuracy to at least one decimal place is necessary;

Whereas a year is presumed to have 365 days or 365,25 days or (for leap years) 366 days, 52 weeks or 12 equal months; whereas an equal month is presumed to have 30,41666 days;

Whereas it is desirable that consumers should be able to recognize the terms used different Member States to indicate the 'annual percentage rate of charge';

Whereas it is appropriate to study without delay to what extent a further degree of harmonization of the cost elements of consumer credit is necessary in order to put the European consumer in a position to make a better comparison between the actual percentage rates of charges offered by institutions in the various Member States, thereby ensuring harmonious functioning of the internal market,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

Directive 87/102/EEC shall be amended as follows:

  1. Article 1a(1)(a) shall be replaced by the following:

    • in the Greek language version of the Directive:

      'Ôï óõíïëéêü åôTHóéï dñáãìáôéêü dïóïóôü ådéâÜñõíóçò dïõ åîéóthíåé óå åôTHóéá âÜóç ôéò dáñïóåò áîssåò ôïõ óõíüëïõ ôùí ôñå-ïõóthí TH ìåëëïíôéêthí õdï-ñåthóåùí (äáíåssùí, åîïöëTHóåùí êáé ådéâáñíóåùí) dïõ -ïõí áíáëçöèåss ádü ôï äáíåéóôTH êáé ôï (äáíåéæüìåíï) êáôáíáëùôTH, õdïëïãssæåôáé óìöùíá ìå ôï ìáèçìáôéêü ôdï dïõ dáñáôssèåôáé óôï dáñÜñôçìá ÉÉ.',

    • in the English language version of the Directive:

      'The annual percentage rate of charge which shall be that rate, on an annual basis which equalizes the present value of all commitments (loans, repayments and charges), future or existing, agreed by the creditor and the borrower, shall be calculated in accordance with the mathematical formula set out in Annex II.';

  2. Article 1a(3) shall be deleted;

  3. Article 1a(5) shall be deleted;

  4. Article 3 shall be replaced by the following:

    'Without prejudice to Council Directive 84/450/EEC of 10 September 1984 relating to the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning misleading advertising 1, and to the rules and principles applicable to unfair advertising, any advertisement, or any offer which is displayed at business premises, in which a person offers credit or offers to arrange a credit agreement and in which a rate of interest or any figures relating to the cost of the credit are indicated, shall also include a statement of the annual percentage rate of charge, by means of a representative example if no other means is practicable

  5. Annex II shall be replaced by the text of Annex I attached hereto;

  6. Annex III shall be replaced by the text of Annex II attached hereto

Article 2

  1. Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary for them to comply with this Directive no later than two years after the entry into force of this Directive. They shall inform the Commission thereof

    When Member States adopt those measures, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of making such reference shall be laid down by Member States

  2. The Member States shall communicate to the Commission the texts of the provisions of national law which they adopt in the field governed by this Directive

Article 3

This Directive is addressed to the Member States

Document last updated the 20 March 2007

Fotnoter

1.

OJ L 250, 19.9.1984, p. 17. Directive as last amended by Directive 97/55/EC (OJ L 280, 23.10.1997, p. 18).

Til dokumentets forside