NOU 2000: 29

GMO-mat— Helsemessige konsekvenser ved bruk av genmodifiserte næringsmidler og næringsmiddelingredienser

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Belgian Biosafety Server (

BINAS (The Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service): Latest News Bulletin February 2000

Calgene, 1990: Kanrgene: Safety and use in the production of genetically engineered plants. Request for advisory opinion. Calgene Inc., California

Can J, Preet K og Punia D, 2000: Proximate composition, phytic acid, polyphenols and digestibility (in vitro) of four brown cowpea varieties. Int. J of Food Science and Nutrition 51:3, 189-193

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Conner AJ og Jacobs JM, 1999: Genetic engineering of crops as potential source of genetic hazard in the human diet. Mutat Res. 443(1-2), 223-34

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Domingo JL, 2000: Health risks of GM foods: many opinions but few data. Science 288: 1748-1749

Donaldson, Liam and Sir Robert May 1999: Health Implications of Genetically Modified Foods. Department of Health; A report by the Chief Medical Offer (CMO) and the Chief Scientific Adviser (CSA UK)

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EU: Commision of the European Communities COM (2000) 1.02.2000: Communication from the Commision on the precautionary principle

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Ewen SWB og Pusztai A, 1999: Authors' reply. Lancet 354: 1723-1729, 1999b

Ewen SWB og Pusztai A, 1999: Effects of diets containing genetically modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine. Lancet 354: 1353-1355, 1999a

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Guillen I, Berlanga J, Valenzuela CM, Morales A, Toledo J Estrada MP, Puntes P, Hayes O, og delaFuente J, 1999: Safety evaluation of transgenic tilapia with accelerated growth. Marine Biotechnology, 1.2-1.4.

Hammond BG, Vivini JL, Hartnell GF, Naylor MW, Knight CD, Robinson EH, Fuchs RL og Padgette SR, 1996: The feeding value of soybeans fed to rats, chickens, catfish and dairy cattle is not altered by genetic incorporation of glyphosate tolerance. Journal of Nutrition 126: 717-727.

Hoffmann T, Golz C, Schieder O: Foreign DNA sequences are received by a wild-type strain of Aspergillus-niger after co-culture with transgenic higher-plants. Current Genetics 27:1, 70-76.

Howard CV og Saunders PT, 1999: Sensible precautions make good science. Nature 401:207

ILSI Europe Series, 1999: Safety Assessment of Viable Genetically Modified Micro-Organisms used in Food. Consensus Guidelines reached at a workshop held in April 1999

International union for the protection of new varieties of plants (UPOV), Geneva, Draft Revised working document for a new general introduction to the assessment of distinctness, uniformity and stability in new varieties of plants. Technical Committee, Thirty-Sixth Session, Geneva, April 3 to 5, 2000.

Khan MS og Maliga P, 1999: Fluorescent antibiotic resistance marker for tracking plastid transformation in higher plants. Nature Biotechnology 17:9, 910-915.

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MAFF: Advisory committee on Novel Foods and Prosesses (ACNFP): How safety is assessed using a comparative approach

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Malik, VS and Saroha MK, 2000: Marker gene controversy in transgenic plants,

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Nap JP, Bijvoet J, Stickema WJ: Biosafety of kanamycin-resistant transgenic plants

Nielsen KM, Bones AM, Smalla K og vanElsas JD, 1998: Horizontal gene transfer from transgenic plants to terrestrial bacteria - a rare event? FEMS MICROBIOLOGY REVIEWS 22:2, 79-103

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SNT mai 1998: Retningslinjer for helserisikovurdering av ny mat

St meld nr 37 (1992-93) «Om utfordringer i helsefremmende og forebyggende arbeid

St.meld nr 40 (1998-99) «Om forbrukerpolitikk og organisering av forbrukerapparatet»

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The Lancet: volume 354 number 9/187, 14 October 1999: Effect of diets containing genetically modifoed potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine. Stanley W B Even, Arpad Pusztai

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Traavik T, 1999: Too Early May be Too Late. Ecological risks associated with the use of naked DNA as a biological tool for research, production and therapy. Research Report for DN No. 1999-1. Directorate of Nature Management, Trondheim, 1999a (ISBN 82-7072-304-5)

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Vazquez-Padron RI, Gonzales Cobrera J. Garcia Tovar C, Neri Bazan L, Lopez Revilla R, Hermandez M, Moreno Fierro L, de la Riva GA, 2000: CrylAc protoxin from Bacillus thuringiensis sp. Kurstaki HD73 binds to surface proteins in the mouse small intestine. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications, 271:548

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Aarestrup FM, Agerso Y, Gerner-Smidt P, Madsen, M and Jensen LB, 2000: Comparison of antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and resistance genes in Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium from humans in the community, broilers and pigs in Denmark Diagnostic Microbiologyand Infectious Disease 37, 127-137

Diverse artikler:

«Belgian Biosafety Server»

About the safety of GM Plants containing a bacaterial antibiotic resistance gene

Placing transgenic crops on the EU Market

Types of antibiotics and related resistance genes

Antibiotic Resistance Gene Markers in GMOs; selected reading

«Biological Chemistry»:

vol. 380, Nr 7-8, Jul-Aug 1999 side 825-839: Molecular faming of recombinant antibodies in plants, Fischer R, Liao YC, Hoffmann K, Schillberg S


vol. 398 22 April GM foods debate needs a recipe for restoring trust

vol. 401 21 October Journal under attack over controversial paper on GM food

vol. 398 29 April 1999 Swiss reject GM trial to protect organics

vol. 399 30 May 1999 UK debates publics role in science advice

vol. 398 18 March 1999 Neolithic genetic engineering

vol. 399 27 May 1999 Britain opens Biotech regulation to greater public involvement

vol. 400 22 July 1999 US sends mixed mesage in GM debate

vol. 399 3 June 1999 Cautionary tale on safety of GM crops

vol. 400 1 July 1999 Why Africa needs agricultural biotech

vol. 406 31 Aug 2000;406(6799):956-7.


vol. 75 1994 side 71-77: Herbicide-Resistant Crops - a Weed Scientists Perspective

artikkel MJA 2000; 172:148-149. Richard Horton Editor, The Lancet : Genetically modified food; consternation, confusion, and crack-up


vol. 285 16 July 1999: Plant Biotechnology: Food and Feed: The Plant Revolution.

vol. 286:1663, 1999

vol. 287 21 January 2000: Monitoring and Labelling for Genetically Modified Products

vol. 287 4 February Consumer Power Heralds Hard Times for Researchers

vol. 283 15 January 1999 Crop Scientists Seek a New Revolution

vol. 282 30 October 1998 Seed-Sterilizing Terminator Technology Sows Discord

vol 284 28 May 1999 Britain Struggels to Turn Anti-GM Tide

vol. 287 nr 5451, 14 Jan 2000 s 303-305: Engineering the provitamin A (beta-carotene)

biosynthetic pathway into (carotenoid-free)rice edosperm

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